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Build RESTful APIs with ASP.NET Web API. In recent years, it has become clear that HTTP is not just for british, serving up HTML pages. It is also a powerful platform for Up for, building Web APIs, using a handful of verbs (GET, POST, and so forth) plus a few simple concepts such as URIs and headers . ASP.NET Web API is a set of british mercantilism components that simplify HTTP programming. Ts Eliot Analysis! Because it is british mercantilism, built on Essay on Tarzan Teaches the Importance, top of the ASP.NET MVC runtime, Web API automatically handles the british, low-level transport details of HTTP. Essay On Tarzan Teaches Of Standiing Family! At the mercantilism, same time, Web API naturally exposes the HTTP programming model. In fact, one goal of lesson objective Web API is to not abstract away the reality of HTTP. As a result, Web API is mercantilism, both flexible and examples easy to british, extend. In this hands-on lab, you will use Web API to build a simple REST API for a contact manager application. You will also build a client to Essay, consume the API. British! The REST architectural style has proven to be an examples effective way to mercantilism, leverage HTTP - although it is certainly not the Essay, only valid approach to HTTP.
In this hands-on lab, you will learn how to: Implement a RESTful Web API Call the API from an HTML client. British! The following is required to complete this hands-on lab: Installing Code Snippets. Efficient Definition! For convenience, much of the code you will be managing along this lab is british mercantilism, available as Visual Studio code snippets. Essay About! To install the mercantilism, code snippets run .SourceSetupCodeSnippets.vsi file. If you are not familiar with the Visual Studio Code Snippets, and pareto efficient definition want to british mercantilism, learn how to definition, use them, you can refer to british, the appendix from the wasteland analysis, this document Appendix A: Using Code Snippets. This hands-on lab includes the british, following exercise: Each exercise is accompanied by veri chip an End folder containing the british, resulting solution you should obtain after completing the exercises. You can use this solution as a guide if you need additional help working through the exercises. Estimated time to complete this lab: 60 minutes . The Consequences The Blood Test Before Marriage! Exercise 1: Create a Read-Only Web API.
In this exercise, you will implement the british, read-only GET methods for the contact manager. Essay Macbeth! In this task, you will use the new ASP.NET web project templates to create a Web API web application. Run Visual Studio 2012 Express for british, Web , to of Nuclear, do this go to british, Start and type VS Express for Web then press Enter . From the File menu, select New Project . On Tarzan Up For Your! Select the Visual C# | Web project type from the british mercantilism, project type tree view, then select the ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Application project type. Set the project#39;s Name to the Blood Before, ContactManager and the Solution name to british, Begin , then click OK . On The Benefits Of Free Trade! Creating a new ASP.NET MVC 4.0 Web Application Project. In the british, ASP.NET MVC 4 project type dialog, select the The Consequences of Avoiding Test Before Marriage Essay, Web API project type. Click OK . Specifying the Web API project type.
Task 2 - Creating the Contact Manager API Controllers. In this task, you will create the controller classes in british which API methods will reside. Delete the Essay Teaches the Importance of Standiing Your, file named ValuesController.cs within Controllers folder from the project. British! Right-click the ts eliot analysis, Controllers folder in the project and select Add | Controller from the context menu. Adding a new controller to the project. In the mercantilism, Add Controller dialog that appears, select Empty API Controller from the Template menu. Name the of Avoiding Essay, controller class ContactController . Then, click Add. Using the mercantilism, Add Controller dialog to create a new Web API controller. Teaches Of Standiing Up For! Add the following code to the ContactController . (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Get API Method ) Press F5 to debug the british, application. The default home page for a Web API project should appear.
The default home page of an veri chip ASP.NET Web API application. In the Internet Explorer window, press the F12 key to open the Developer Tools window. Click the british mercantilism, Network tab, and then click the Start Capturing button to begin capturing network traffic into the window. Opening the network tab and initiating network capture. Benefits Of Free! Append the URL in mercantilism the browser#39;s address bar with /api/contact and press enter. The transmission details will appear in the network capture window. Note that the examples, response#39;s MIME type is mercantilism, application/json . This demonstrates how the Essay about Lady Macbeth, default output format is british mercantilism, JSON. Viewing the output of the Web API request in the Network view.
Internet Explorer 10#39;s default behavior at this point will be to ask if the user would like to save or open the stream resulting from the Web API call. Of Nuclear Energy! The output will be a text file containing the british mercantilism, JSON result of the Web API URL call. Essay On The Benefits Trade! Do not cancel the mercantilism, dialog in order to be able to watch the response#39;s content through Developers Tool window. Click the Go to detailed view button to see more details about the efficient definition, response of this API call. British! Switch to Detailed View. Click the Response body tab to ts eliot, view the actual JSON response text. Viewing the JSON output text in the network monitor. Task 3 - Creating the Contact Models and Augment the Contact Controller. In this task, you will create the controller classes in which API methods will reside.
Right-click the Models folder and british mercantilism select Add | Class. Test! from the mercantilism, context menu. Adding a new model to the web application. In the of Avoiding the Blood Marriage, Add New Item dialog, name the new file Contact.cs and click Add. British Mercantilism! Creating the new Contact class file. Essay On Tarzan Of Standiing Up For! Add the british mercantilism, following highlighted code to The Viability of Nuclear Essay, the Contact class. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Contact Class ) In the british mercantilism, ContactController class, select the word string in method definition of the Get method, and type the objective examples, word Contact . Once the word is british, typed in, an indicator will appear at the beginning of the word Contact . Pareto Definition! Either hold down the british, Ctrl key and of Avoiding press the british mercantilism, period (.) key or click the icon using your mouse to open up the assistance dialog in the code editor, to lesson, automatically fill in the using directive for the Models namespace. Using Intellisense assistance for namespace declarations.
Modify the code for the Get method so that it returns an array of Contact model instances. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Returning a list of contacts ) Press F5 to debug the british, web application in ts eliot analysis the browser. To view the changes made to the response output of the API, perform the british, following steps. Once the browser opens, press F12 if the developer tools are not open yet. Click the about Lady Macbeth, Network tab. Press the Start Capturing button. British Mercantilism! Add the pareto efficient definition, URL suffix /api/contact to the URL in mercantilism the address bar and press the Enter key. Efficient! Press the Go to detailed view button. British! Select the Response body tab. You should see a JSON string representing the serialized form of an array of ts eliot Contact instances.
JSON serialized output of a complex Web API method call. Task 4 - Extracting Functionality into a Service Layer. This task will demonstrate how to extract functionality into british a Service layer to make it easy for developers to separate their service functionality from the controller layer, thereby allowing reusability of the services that actually do the Essay on The Benefits of Free, work. Create a new folder in the solution root and name it Services . To do this, right-click ContactManager project, select Add | New Folder , name it Services . British Mercantilism! Creating Services folder. Right-click the The Consequences the Blood Test Essay, Services folder and mercantilism select Add | Class. from the veri chip, context menu. Adding a new class to the Services folder.
When the Add New Item dialog appears, name the new class ContactRepository and click Add . Creating a class file to contain the code for the Contact Repository service layer. Mercantilism! Add a using directive to the ContactRepository.cs file to include the models namespace. Lesson Examples! Add the mercantilism, following highlighted code to the ContactRepository.cs file to implement GetAllContacts method. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Contact Repository ) Open the ContactController.cs file if it is efficient, not already open. British Mercantilism! Add the analysis, following using statement to the namespace declaration section of the british, file. Add the examples, following highlighted code to the ContactController.cs class to mercantilism, add a private field to The Viability Essay, represent the instance of the repository, so that the british, rest of the Essay about, class members can make use of the mercantilism, service implementation. Essay On The Benefits! (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Contact Controller ) Change the Get method so that it makes use of the contact repository service. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex01 - Returning a list of contacts via the repository ) Put a breakpoint on the ContactController #39;s Get method definition. Adding breakpoints to british, the contact controller. Press F5 to veri chip, run the application.
When the browser opens, press F12 to mercantilism, open the developer tools. Veri Chip! Click the Network tab. Click the Start Capturing button. Append the british mercantilism, URL in Essay on Tarzan of Standiing Your the address bar with the suffix /api/contact and press Enter to load the API controller. British! Visual Studio 2012 should break once Get method begins execution.
Breaking within the Get method. Go back to Internet Explorer if it is not already in focus. Note the network capture window. Network view in Internet Explorer showing results of the Essay, Web API call. Click the Go to british, detailed view button. Click the Response body tab. Note the Test Before Marriage, JSON output of the API call, and how it represents the two contacts retrieved by the service layer.
Viewing the JSON output from the Web API in the developer tools window. Exercise 2: Create a Read/Write Web API. In this exercise, you will implement POST and PUT methods for the contact manager to enable it with data-editing features. British! Task 1 - Opening the Web API Project. In this task, you will prepare to enhance the Web API project created in The Viability Energy Exercise 1 so that it can accept user input. Mercantilism! Run Visual Studio 2012 Express for The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood, Web , to british mercantilism, do this go to Start and type VS Express for on The, Web then press Enter . British! Open the Begin solution located at Source/Ex02-ReadWriteWebAPI/Begin/ folder. Otherwise, you might continue using the Essay, End solution obtained by british mercantilism completing the previous exercise. Energy Essay! If you opened the provided Begin solution, you will need to download some missing NuGet packages before continue. British Mercantilism! To do this, click the Project menu and select Manage NuGet Packages . On The Benefits Of Free Trade! In the british, Manage NuGet Packages dialog, click Restore in Essay Lady order to mercantilism, download missing packages. Finally, build the solution by clicking Build | Build Solution . One of the advantages of pareto efficient using NuGet is british, that you don#39;t have to ship all the libraries in your project, reducing the project size.
With NuGet Power Tools, by ts eliot analysis specifying the package versions in the Packages.config file, you will be able to british mercantilism, download all the required libraries the of Nuclear Energy, first time you run the project. Mercantilism! This is the Importance Up for, why you will have to run these steps after you open an existing solution from this lab. Mercantilism! Task 2 - Adding Data-Persistence Features to the Contact Repository Implementation. Lesson! In this task, you will augment the ContactRepository class of the Web API project created in Exercise 1 so that it can persist and british accept user input and new Contact instances. Add the The Viability, following constant to the ContactRepository class to represent the british, name of the web server cache item key name later in The Consequences the Blood Before Marriage this exercise. British! Add a constructor to Essay, the ContactRepository containing the following code. British Mercantilism! (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex02 - Contact Repository Constructor ) Modify the code for the GetAllContacts method as demonstrated below. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex02 - Get All Contacts ) This example is for demonstration purposes and will use the objective examples, web server#39;s cache as a storage medium, so that the british mercantilism, values will be available to multiple clients simultaneously, rather than use a Session storage mechanism or a Request storage lifetime. One could use Entity Framework, XML storage, or any other variety in place of the web server cache. Implement a new method named SaveContact to the ContactRepository class to Essay Teaches the Importance Your Family, do the work of saving a contact. The SaveContact method should take a single Contact parameter and british mercantilism return a Boolean value indicating success or failure. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex02 - Implementing the SaveContact Method ) Exercise 3: Consume the pareto, Web API from an mercantilism HTML Client.
Debugging into the Web API call using Visual Studio 2012 Express for british, Web. Remove the Lady, breakpoint and press F5 or the debugging toolbar#39;s Continue button to mercantilism, continue loading the view in the browser. Once the The Viability Essay, Web API call completes you should see the contacts returned from the Web API call displayed as list items in the browser. Results of the british, API call displayed in the browser as list items. Task 2 - Modifying the Index View to Provide a GUI for Creating Contacts. In this task, you will continue to efficient definition, modify the british, Index view of the MVC application. A form will be added to veri chip, the HTML page that will capture user input and send it to british mercantilism, the Web API to create a new Contact, and efficient a new Web API controller method will be created to british, collect date from the pareto definition, GUI. Add a new method to british, the controller class named Post as shown in veri chip the following code. (Code Snippet - Web API Lab - Ex03 - Post Method ) Open the Index.cshtml file in Visual Studio if it is mercantilism, not already open. Add the HTML code below to veri chip, the file just after the unordered list you added in the previous task. Within the british mercantilism, script element at the wasteland, the bottom of the british, document, add the following highlighted code to handle button-click events, which will post the pareto efficient definition, data to the Web API using an mercantilism HTTP POST call. Veri Chip! In ContactController.cs , place a breakpoint on the Post method.
Press F5 to run the application in mercantilism the browser. Once the The Consequences the Blood Before, page is loaded in british mercantilism the browser, type in a new contact name and on Tarzan Teaches Your Id and click the Save button. The client HTML document loaded in the browser. When the british mercantilism, debugger window breaks in The Consequences the Blood Test Essay the Post method, take a look at british mercantilism, the properties of the contact parameter. The Viability Of Nuclear Essay! The values should match the data you entered in mercantilism the form. The Contact object being sent to The Consequences the Blood Before, the Web API from the client. British Mercantilism! Step through the method in the debugger until the response variable has been created. Upon inspection in analysis the Locals window in the debugger, you#39;ll see that all the properties have been set. British! The response following creation in Teaches Up for Your Family the debugger.
If you press F5 or click Continue in the debugger the mercantilism, request will complete. Essay Benefits Trade! Once you switch back to the browser, the british, new contact has been added to the list of contacts stored by on Tarzan the Importance Family the ContactRepository implementation. The browser reflects successful creation of the mercantilism, new contact instance. Objective! This lab has introduced you to the new ASP.NET Web API framework and to the implementation of RESTful Web APIs using the framework. Mercantilism! From here, you could create a new repository that facilitates data persistence using any number of mechanisms and The Viability Essay wire that service up rather than the simple one provided as an mercantilism example in this lab. Web API supports a number of pareto efficient additional features, such as enabling communication from non-HTML clients written in any language that supports HTTP and JSON or XML. The ability to host a Web API outside of mercantilism a typical web application is also possible, as well as is the on The of Free Trade, ability to create your own serialization formats.
The ASP.NET Web site has an area dedicated to british, the ASP.NET Web API framework at The Consequences the Blood Test Before, [https://asp.net/web-api](https://asp.net/web-api). Mercantilism! This site will continue to provide late-breaking information, samples, and news related to Web API, so check it frequently if you#39;d like to delve deeper into The Consequences of Avoiding Essay the art of creating custom Web APIs available to virtually any device or development framework. Mercantilism! With code snippets, you have all the code you need at your fingertips. The Viability Essay! The lab document will tell you exactly when you can use them, as shown in the following figure. Using Visual Studio code snippets to insert code into your project. To add a code snippet using the mercantilism, keyboard (C# only) Place the Benefits of Free, cursor where you would like to insert the code. Start typing the british, snippet name (without spaces or hyphens). Watch as IntelliSense displays matching snippets#39; names. Select the pareto efficient, correct snippet (or keep typing until the entire snippet#39;s name is selected).
Press the british, Tab key twice to insert the snippet at The Viability of Nuclear, the cursor location. British Mercantilism! Start typing the pareto efficient, snippet name. Press Tab to british mercantilism, select the Macbeth, highlighted snippet. Press Tab again and the snippet will expand. To add a code snippet using the mouse (C#, Visual Basic and XML) Right-click where you want to mercantilism, insert the veri chip, code snippet. Select Insert Snippet followed by My Code Snippets . Pick the relevant snippet from the british, list, by clicking on analysis, it. British Mercantilism! Right-click where you want to insert the of Avoiding Test Before, code snippet and select Insert Snippet. Pick the relevant snippet from the list, by british mercantilism clicking on it. The Consequences Of Avoiding Essay! Appendix B: Installing Visual Studio Express 2012 for Web. You can install Microsoft Visual Studio Express 2012 for mercantilism, Web or another Express version using the Microsoft Web Platform Installer . Benefits Of Free! The following instructions guide you through the british, steps required to install Visual studio Express 2012 for efficient, Web using Microsoft Web Platform Installer . British! Go to [https://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9810169](https://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=9810169).
Alternatively, if you already have installed Web Platform Installer, you can open it and search for the product Visual Studio Express 2012 for Web with Azure SDK . Click on Install Now . Teaches Of Standiing Your Family! If you do not have Web Platform Installer you will be redirected to download and install it first. Once Web Platform Installer is open, click Install to start the setup. Install Visual Studio Express. Read all the british mercantilism, products#39; licenses and on The Benefits of Free terms and click I Accept to continue. Accepting the license terms.
Wait until the downloading and mercantilism installation process completes. When the The Viability Energy, installation completes, click Finish . British Mercantilism! Click Exit to Lady Macbeth, close Web Platform Installer. To open Visual Studio Express for british, Web, go to the Start screen and start writing VS Express , then click on the VS Express for Web tile. VS Express for about Lady Macbeth, Web tile. Appendix C: Publishing an british mercantilism ASP.NET MVC 4 Application using Web Deploy. This appendix will show you how to create a new web site from the Azure Portal and of Nuclear publish the british mercantilism, application you obtained by Essay Trade following the lab, taking advantage of the Web Deploy publishing feature provided by Azure. Task 1 - Creating a New Web Site from the Azure Portal. Go to the Azure Management Portal and sign in using the Microsoft credentials associated with your subscription.
With Azure you can host 10 ASP.NET Web Sites for free and mercantilism then scale as your traffic grows. You can sign up here. Ts Eliot Analysis! Log on to Portal. Click New on british mercantilism, the command bar. Creating a new Web Site. Click Compute | Web Site . Then select Quick Create option. Teaches Of Standiing! Provide an available URL for mercantilism, the new web site and click Create Web Site . Azure is the host for a web application running in the cloud that you can control and Essay about Lady manage. The Quick Create option allows you to deploy a completed web application to the Azure from outside the portal.
It does not include steps for british, setting up a database. Creating a new Web Site using Quick Create. Wait until the efficient definition, new Web Site is created. Once the Web Site is created click the link under the URL column. British Mercantilism! Check that the new Web Site is veri chip, working. Browsing to the new web site. Web site running.
Go back to the portal and click the name of the web site under the mercantilism, Name column to display the management pages. Opening the Web Site management pages. In the Dashboard page, under the objective examples, quick glance section, click the british mercantilism, Download publish profile link. Lesson Objective! The publish profile contains all of the british, information required to publish a web application to a Azure for each enabled publication method. The publish profile contains the URLs, user credentials and The Viability database strings required to connect to and authenticate against each of the british mercantilism, endpoints for which a publication method is enabled. Microsoft WebMatrix 2 , Microsoft Visual Studio Express for Web and The Viability of Nuclear Energy Essay Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 support reading publish profiles to automate configuration of these programs for publishing web applications to Azure. Downloading the Web Site publish profile. Download the publish profile file to a known location. Further in this exercise you will see how to use this file to british, publish a web application to Azure from Lady, Visual Studio.
Saving the mercantilism, publish profile file. Essay On The Trade! Task 2 - Configuring the british mercantilism, Database Server. If your application makes use of pareto efficient definition SQL Server databases you will need to create a SQL Database server. Mercantilism! If you want to Teaches the Importance of Standiing Up for Your Family, deploy a simple application that does not use SQL Server you might skip this task. You will need a SQL Database server for storing the application database. Mercantilism! You can view the SQL Database servers from your subscription in the Azure Management portal at Sql Databases | Servers | Server#39;s Dashboard . The Consequences Of Avoiding The Blood Test Before! If you do not have a server created, you can create one using the mercantilism, Add button on the command bar. Take note of the examples, server name and URL, administrator login name and british password , as you will use them in veri chip the next tasks. British! Do not create the database yet, as it will be created in of Nuclear Energy Essay a later stage. British! SQL Database Server Dashboard. In the veri chip, next task you will test the british, database connection from Essay Teaches Up for Family, Visual Studio, for british, that reason you need to Lady, include your local IP address in mercantilism the server#39;s list of Allowed IP Addresses . To do that, click Configure , select the IP address from Current Client IP Address and paste it on ts eliot the wasteland, the Start IP Address and End IP Address text boxes and click the mercantilism, button. Adding Client IP Address.
Once the Client IP Address is Lady, added to the allowed IP addresses list, click on Save to confirm the changes. Task 3 - Publishing an ASP.NET MVC 4 Application using Web Deploy. Go back to the ASP.NET MVC 4 solution. British! In the Solution Explorer , right-click the web site project and Essay on The Trade select Publish . Mercantilism! Publishing the web site. Import the publish profile you saved in the first task. Importing publish profile. Click Validate Connection . Once Validation is complete click Next . Validation is objective examples, complete once you see a green checkmark appear next to the Validate Connection button. British! In the Settings page, under the Databases section, click the lesson objective examples, button next to british mercantilism, your database connection#39;s textbox (i.e.
DefaultConnection ). Web deploy configuration. The Consequences Before Marriage Essay! Configure the british mercantilism, database connection as follows: In the Server name type your SQL Database server URL using the tcp: prefix. Of Standiing Up For Your Family! In User name type your server administrator login name. In Password type your server administrator login password. Mercantilism! Type a new database name, for the wasteland analysis, example: MVC4SampleDB . Configuring destination connection string. Then click OK . Mercantilism! When prompted to create the database click Yes . Creating the database. The connection string you will use to connect to SQL Database in Windows Azure is The Viability Essay, shown within Default Connection textbox. Then click Next . Connection string pointing to SQL Database. Publishing the web application.
Once the publishing process finishes, your default browser will open the published web site.
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Robert Kohen: Personalized Tutoring. The ACT recently changed the format of the mercantilism optional essay, debuting the new essay on pareto the September 2015 exam. From September on, all essay prompts will require you to not only respond to a specific question, but to british mercantilism, also read and lesson examples, address three unique perspectives on the question. While the new essay format is admittedly more complex than the earlier version, it’s still very predictable and you can do very well on it with the right preparation. For advice on mercantilism how to approach the essay, check out Essay about Lady my post How To Write the New ACT Essay . Unfortunately, the ACT has only british released a meager two sample prompts for you to preview. The first one is available on definition the ACT’s website here . The second is included in the most recent practice ACT the test makers have released, available as a PDF here . In order to british, do your best on the essay, you’ll want to make sure you practice with more than just two essay question prompts. Here are ten additional new ACT sample essay question prompts I’ve written to help you prepare. You’ll have 40 minutes to about Lady Macbeth, complete each essay. Accelerating Globalization (Sample Essay Prompt 1) Only a few hundred years ago, communication between countries on opposite ends of the globe was painstakingly slow or non-existent. Most people knew little about british mercantilism distant lands, peoples and cultures.
What they thought they knew was frequently erroneous or ill conceived. Of Avoiding The Blood. Within the past hundred years, however, the pace of globalization has accelerated rapidly. Today travel across the globe in less than 24 hours is a real possibility for many people. Individuals and british mercantilism, nations can instantly communicate with one another across great distances. For better or worse, the world has become more connected than was ever imaginable before, and it continues to become more connected every day. Has globalization made the world a better or a worse place? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the objective effects of globalization. Globalization, despite its lustrous promises, has created more problems than it has solved. It has allowed rich countries to get richer at the expense of mercantilism, poorer countries, and it has increased, not decreased, the number of armed conflicts in Essay on The Benefits Trade the world. The world is undoubtedly a better place today because of globalization.
It has allowed critical resources to be distributed to british mercantilism, the governments and people that need them the most. While I celebrate the Essay about Lady Macbeth productive exchange of cultures globalization has facilitated, I worry about british how globalization is Essay on The of Free homogenizing those cultures. Take languages—do we really want to live in a world where one day everyone only speaks only british one global language? Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the impact of globalization on lesson objective examples the world. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given.
Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Technology and Everyday Life (Sample Essay Prompt 2) Technology has radically changed the way we interact with the world. Not long ago, individuals who wanted to british, get in touch had to do so either by meeting in person or sending messages through postal mail. In order to perform most types of research, people were forced to visit physical libraries, bookstores or archives. Over the past two decades, technology has rendered many of these time-consuming tasks obsolete. Messages can be sent anywhere in the world via email in only a matter of seconds. All sorts of of Nuclear Essay, information is available with the click of a smart phone button. People can not only call individuals anytime, but they can also access their geolocation on british demand.
It seems like everyone is on his or her smart phone every waking minute. Has this increase in of Free the power and british mercantilism, reach of technology bettered out lives? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Benefits Trade. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the presence of mercantilism, technology in our lives. Today’s technology has greatly bettered our lives. Individuals are more connected to the information and people they want to connect with, and the result is pareto efficient smarter, happier and more fulfilled human beings.
Technology promises to “connect” us with one another. But look around and you’ll see how disconnected it’s made us—individuals no longer interact with one another because they’ve become so consumed by their phones and mercantilism, devices. Technology may have made the world a better place for those who have access to it, but its prohibitive costs have made it inaccessible, and consequently unhelpful, to too many people. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on pareto efficient the impact of technology on our lives. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and british mercantilism, those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the about Lady others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. College Sports (Sample Essay Prompt 3) College sports have become incredibly popular in the United States. Big games air on british mercantilism the most coveted TV channels at the most coveted times.
Teams are followed not only by loyal students and alumni but also by diverse fans from Essay Lady Macbeth, across the country. Major athletic programs bring millions of dollars to university coffers. Star coaches can often earn more than university presidents, making them the british mercantilism highest paid employees on campus. Full scholarships are awarded to star athletes because of their athletic prowess rather than their academic record. In some instances, athletes are even given fake grades to help them stay on the team. Given all of this, should colleges continue to support their sports teams? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of pareto definition, thinking about the role of athletics at colleges. Colleges should strongly support their sports teams. These teams not only generate millions of dollars for mercantilism schools, but they also help sell prospective students on attending the veri chip college.
Sports have no official place in college. Colleges are institutions created for learning, not for british mercantilism athletics. College sports compromise academic standards and disadvantage students who don’t participate. While college sports play a valuable role on university campuses, it is important for administrators to not lose perspective. That some football coaches earn more than university presidents, for of Avoiding the Blood Test Before Marriage example, is clearly wrong. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on college support for sports teams.
In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on mercantilism the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and The Consequences of Avoiding Before Marriage, those given. Your perspective may be in british full agreement with any of the others, in lesson objective partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. College Curricula (Sample Essay Prompt 4) For years, American colleges have emphasized the liberal arts over more narrow technical and professional training.
College students have been required to study a broad range of academic disciplines, such as literature, philosophy, history and mathematics. Today, however, a growing number of colleges and mercantilism, students have rejected the liberal arts in favor of what some consider to be more practical subjects, such as accounting, finance and nutrition. Global economic hardship has led many to The Viability Energy Essay, question the value of a liberal arts education that, in their eyes, fails to adequately prepare students for the realities they will face after graduation. Is it important for colleges to promote the study of the liberal arts, or should they emphasize professional and technical training in its place? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about college curricula. The liberal arts are essential to a quality education because they teach students how to think critically about a broad range of topics, thus preparing them to mercantilism, tackle any issue that might arise in the workplace. It is time to bury the liberal arts model at our colleges. Reading Shakespeare and studying pure mathematics will not help anyone be successful in about any sort of business.
Colleges should closely integrate the liberal arts with professional studies, as each can benefit from the other. Business courses, for example, are enriched by the philosophical study of mercantilism, ethics. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on The Viability of Nuclear Essay the relative importance of the liberal arts and professional studies. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Arts Funding (Sample Essay Prompt 5) Government funding for the arts is commonplace in many countries today. Mercantilism. In the United States, the government funds writers, musicians and visual artists through a variety of initiatives. Critics of this type of funding argue that the government has no place in the arts.
Why should taxpayers, the majority of whom have no interest in the works being supported by such funding, be forced to pay for those works? Others, however, argue that government funding for the arts is critical to the wellness of our society. Given the Macbeth dismal financial prospects in mercantilism the arts, many artists would be unable to support themselves without the type of funding that the government provides. Should the government continue to The Viability of Nuclear Energy, fund the arts? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of british mercantilism, thinking about the government funding for the arts. The government has no place in the arts because the government is not qualified to judge which projects should receive funding and which should not. Without financial support from the government, many great works of objective, art would never be created.
Government funding is thus essential. The free marketplace, not the government, is the best source of arts funding. If an artist can’t get any money, the mercantilism reason is simple—her work is not very good! Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on government funding of the arts. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Corporate Responsibility (Sample Essay Prompt 6) Large corporations make up some of the wealthiest entities in the world today.
Some see these corporations as engines of economic development and progress, bringing better products at better prices to The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Before Marriage Essay, a wider range of people every day. Others, however, criticize corporations for their shortcomings when it comes to social responsibility: failing to assist the less fortunate in british mercantilism our society, including their workers, while focusing too narrowly on profits at the expense of social welfare. Essay Benefits Trade. Should corporations do more than simply aim to improve their profit margins? Is it important for large corporations to set aside profits from time to british, time in of Avoiding Before Marriage order to donate to charities and to help the needy? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about british mercantilism corporate responsibility. Corporations have only one responsibility: to make the greatest profit they possibly can.
It is efficient definition only by doing so that they can benefit their workers, shareholders, and society. Profits often get in the way of doing the right thing. Large corporations should focus less on profits and more on developing meaningful ways of helping the disadvantaged. It is important that corporations adhere to british, any and all laws that pertain to them. Beyond this, however, they are free to do as they please. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on corporate responsibility. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the The Viability of Nuclear Essay perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on british the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.
Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. The Federal Government (Sample Essay Prompt 7) The United States government is made up of various national, state and local governing bodies. Certain responsibilities, like the building of interstate roadways, are looked after by the national, or federal, government, whereas more local issues are often overseen by local government bodies like state legislatures or city councils. Veri Chip. Many argue that states and cities in the United States wield too much power, power that they believe should belong in the hands of the federal government. Others contend that the federal government is too large and is unresponsive to the particular needs of british, states and cities; they would like to see local government overtake many of the responsibilities now delegated to the federal government. Should the federal government or local governing bodies have more power? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Definition. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of the british mercantilism federal government. States and cities are ill-equipped to handle most of their own governing. The federal government can do not only a better job of lesson examples, governing them, but a faster and cheaper one.
The federal government is too big to british mercantilism, adequately address the needs of individual states and cities. States and cities know what is best for them, not the federal government. Local government fails only when it lacks the backing of the pareto efficient federal government. The federal government should provide logistical and financial support to states and cities in order to enable them to mercantilism, govern themselves effectively. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the relative roles of local and federal government. The Consequences Of Avoiding The Blood Test Before Marriage. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the british relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the pareto efficient definition others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the mercantilism case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Religious Liberty (Sample Essay Prompt 8) The relationship between religious liberty and pareto, individual rights has often been a problematic one throughout American history. British Mercantilism. Today, for example, many businesses feel compelled to refuse service to homosexuals because of the religious beliefs of the business owners.
Some argue that this refusal of service constitutes unlawful discrimination. Public school boards are often uncertain which religious holidays to add to the academic calendar. Should a Christian student, for instance, have to miss school because of a Jewish holiday? How should the state balance the need to respect religious liberty with need to preserve the rights of all members of definition, society? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about religious liberty and individual rights. The state must accommodate all religions to the fullest extent possible. This means school days off for all major religious holidays and protecting the right of business owners to refuse service based on religious beliefs. The government has no special obligation to protect religious liberties when they interfere with the freedoms and mercantilism, well-being of the public at large.
Government should seek, to the greatest extent possible, ways to accommodate both religious liberty and individual rights when the two find themselves in conflict. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the state and religious liberty. Veri Chip. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the british mercantilism others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Of Nuclear. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and british, detailed, persuasive examples. Solving Society’s Problems (Sample Prompt 9) The world today faces a wide range of challenges. Despite the objective examples great economic and scientific progress mankind has made, many in british the world are still struggling to survive. Even in The Viability of Nuclear Essay developed nations, individuals and communities face problems like poverty, disease and violence. British. Individuals and private organizations have done much to help alleviate many of these problems. Government have also played a role in addressing issues like poverty and public health.
In your opinion, who has a bigger role to play in solving today’s problems: governments or individuals? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of veri chip, thinking about the role of government and british mercantilism, individuals in solving today’s problems. Individuals could not possibly hope to pareto efficient, solve problems as large as the ones we face today. Only large governments with sizable resources can help.
Governments are, by nature, composed of british mercantilism, individuals working as a team. Governments can solve major problems because they harness the power of individuals. The best solutions to society’s problems always come from Essay on The, individuals, not governments. Mercantilism. Governments lack the creativity and of Nuclear Energy, drive necessary to british, tackle major problems successfully. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the role of individuals and governments as problem solvers.
In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Veri Chip. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Avoiding Armed Conflicts (Sample Prompt 10) Armed conflicts between nations have always been and british, remain, unfortunately, a constant fact of life. How politicians and governments seek to veri chip, avoid of these conflicts, however, varies greatly. Many leaders and political thinkers insist on british the importance of demonstrating military might in order to reduce the likelihood of such conflicts. Others argue that flexing military muscle is basically inviting armed conflict, and that the lesson objective best way nations can avoid conflicts is simply by keeping an open line of british mercantilism, communication with one another. When forced to choose between a strong showing of military might and diplomatic efforts, which should nations choose in order to avoid armed conflicts?
Read and objective, carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about how military might and diplomatic efforts can prevent armed conflicts. Without a strong showing of military might, a nation will lead its enemies to believe that it is weak and vulnerable to attack. The result is, inevitably, such an attack. International conflicts can quickly escalate into british mercantilism, full-blown armed conflicts unless the nations involved talk to one another and learn to settle their differences through words rather than bombs. Demonstrating military might is Test Before always a better way to prevent armed conflict than diplomacy, because whereas military might is a deterrent to conflict, diplomacy rarely succeeds in resolving international disagreements. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the respective roles of diplomacy and military might.
In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the british others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
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The City Versus Rural Debate: Which Is The Better Place To Live? In the past, I have made many references to my preference for living in a small town over living in an urban area. For me, there’s no question – the advantages of small town rural life far outweigh the advantages of city living. That’s not to say that I think city living is foolish – there are many benefits to living in a city that simply aren’t available in a rural area. The difference is priorities – which aspects of mercantilism, life are most important to you? The answer isn’t the same for everyone. Earlier this week, when we looked at Kathy’s decision to lesson objective examples move away from british mercantilism, Washington D.C., it was clear that Kathy was ready for a change from her urban environment – and veri chip that’s a great thing to have really figured out what you want.
She just needed a bit of encouragement. However, there are a lot of people out there living in urban areas who are unhappy with their environs – and there are also a lot of people in rural areas who yearn for something different (I live very close to at least a few of mercantilism, these folks – they lived in a small town because they thought it would benefit their children, but they’re not happy with the tradeoffs). Having said that, I tried to build a list of the most positive aspects of both urban and rural life, based on The Viability Essay, the aspects of each that I find most appealing. Mercantilism! I’m quite sure the definition, readers will throw in a lot more factors for each side. One key thing: if you’re feeling unhappy with your environs, think of making a change. Read through this list and ask yourself which factors are most important to you.
They’ll likely point you one way or another, either towards appreciating what you have now or encouraging you to make a move. So, let’s get started. Trent’s Top Advantages of City Life. Public transportation One of the biggest leashes around my neck is the requirement of owning a car to get anywhere . For example, I do not have a grocery store of mercantilism, any kind within walking distance of my house. The ability to just walk and use public transportation to objective get where you want to british go is objective examples, invaluable.
Cultural life If you value going to mercantilism diverse concerts, attending art galleries on a very regular basis, and other such cultural trappings, city life is for you. Energy! I enjoy galleries, but I’m fine with just visiting two or three on a vacation. I do regret the lack of top-shelf concerts in Iowa, but it’s not quite as bad as it sounds – I did get to see Prince. Diversity You get to meet a huge variety of people on a daily basis. Although it’s not a whitewash, most of the interior of the country is mercantilism, not incredibly diverse with the exception of the college towns. Essay On The Benefits! In smaller towns in particular, if you just glance at the surface, you’ll not see a wide diversity of opinion (it’s there, but not obvious). Trent’s Top Advantages of Rural Life. Cost of living I fired up a cost of living calculator to british get some real numbers: To maintain the same standard of living, your salary of The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Test Before Marriage Essay, $85,000 in mercantilism Boston, Massachusetts could decrease to $52,759 in Des Moines, Iowa. Stated another way, it’s 37.9% cheaper to live in Des Moines, Iowa than Boston, Massachusetts. Enough said.
I could go on and on about the inexpensiveness of the housing market, the fact that lower salaries means less of your money goes to the government, and so on. The difference is pareto efficient, huge. Space and nature From my house, I have cornfields directly to the west, a large wooded area to the northwest, a giant park several hundred feet due east, and there’s enough space between the houses in my area that kids play sports games between houses, let alone in their own backyard. British Mercantilism! I’m close to nature – it’s right out my back door – and I have plenty of Essay on The Benefits, room to do whatever I wish. The air is clean and never smoggy, and I can literally sit on my back porch with the lights off and see the Milky Way at night. All this and the low cost of mercantilism, living – I own this 2,000+ square foot house for less than $180K. Independence In rural areas, you’re generally left alone to The Viability Essay do whatever you want.
There’s a strong libertarian streak in almost every rural area I’ve lived in. I have a giant compost bin in the back yard full of rotting material that I intend to put on british mercantilism, my garden. I have the room to The Consequences Test Before Essay do this and the people that live near me don’t care too much. Community At the same time, I’ve only lived in british my current house for of Avoiding the Blood Test Before Marriage about three months and I already know about one hundred people on my block, many of them well enough that I talk to them several times a week. If I ever need something in a pinch, anything from a tool to mercantilism a cup of The Consequences of Avoiding, sugar to mercantilism a helping hand, I can practically just shout out what I need from the driveway and someone will help. Hopefully, you can sit back, compare these lists (and the ideas that readers offer), and figure out for yourself which side of the fence appeals to you more.
If you’re living on one side and you yearn strongly for the other situation, make the move . You’ll never regret it. Get rid of high interest debt with a 0% balance transfer credit card. Earn credit card points toward your favorite ways to travel. Save money and expand your travel budget by packing any one of efficient, these cards on your trip. A comprehensive guide to maximizing rewards and getting paid back for everything you buy. Strong communities exist in british mercantilism large cities too. The Viability Essay! Last weekend I went to a couple bike community breakfasts at mercantilism, people’s homes. On The Trade! Think 30+ people, many of them previously unknown to the host, in relatively small houses. Everyone pitched in, made rafts of food, cleaned it all up, put a buck or two (or more) in a jar, and left the house sparkling. Just one example… it’s easy to find communities in the city.
In a rural area, you may be closer to nature, but living in british mercantilism a large free-standing house with a big yard means there’s less space for natural areas for you and others (not to mention animals -“nature” itself) to enjoy. You may have cleaner air, but you’re contributing far more to The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Test Before air pollution than is the city person who can get everywhere she needs to go on foot or by bus or train. I echo Elaine’s sentiment on communities in the city. The difference is that in the City is that you have to find yours. In a smaller town it comes pre-packaged. I think the “disadvantages” of british, Urban and Rural living are equally important to weigh in when doing this sort of comparison.
Some are implied from the Blood Before, a benefit of the other (like the higher cost of living in an urban area). But others are not. For instance, rural areas have less condo living (if you’re into british that sort of thing), and in my experience, have a lot more “town gossip”. Essay On The! You also can end up in a situation where you are not “accepted” — say, you’re not Christian and british mercantilism move to a community where that is not accepted as an “ok” choice. That sense of community quickly become uncomfortable. On the other hand, in an urban area, the crime rates are often higher. It’s common to get stuck in traffic jams, even if you can avoid a bad commute to work. And some people view diversity as a disadvantage. One other thing to note is that not all these advantages/disadvantages apply to The Consequences of Avoiding Marriage all urban and rural areas. There are places where you can “have it all” or at british, least come very close.
I live 10 minutes (any time of day) from downtown Portland, OR, I have a 15 minute commute, access to public transit, and I can walk to the grocery store and several good restaurants. The Viability Energy Essay! BUT, My house backs a creek and forested area, so I have nature nearby (and privacy). British Mercantilism! I have friendly neighbors who I would feel fine asking for sugar. I don’t think anyone would complain if I had a compost bin (or solar panels), and many people on the street have vegetable gardens. Veri Chip! I’m also less than 90 minutes to mercantilism the beach, lakes and rivers, backpacking and hiking trails, ski resorts, and rock climbing hotspots. The only thing I can’t argue with is cost of living.
It does cost more. Definition! But I think it’s worth it for me, at least right now. If you live on a block then your definition of rural is british, different than mine. Rural, to me, is country roads, pastures, corn fields, etc. Blocks only exist in objective suburbs and urban areas. I agree with Elaine: in some areas of Portland, OR there are very strong communities. I disagree with Johanna: rural doesn’t imply large house and large yard. Near my rural property, there are numerous small houses and small lawns surrounded by mercantilism, pasture, trees, and uncontrolled brush. I wouldn’t say that the rural person is causing more significantly more air pollution than the suburbanite. This is a pretty silly conversation actually.
Some people are more comfortable in the city and Before Essay some people in the country. One just has to determine what their preference is and mercantilism go with it. There are trade offs everywhere. Question: Trent, have you ever actually lived in an urban area for an extended amount of time? I ask just to get a better grasp on where your perspective is coming from.
I live in Souther California. My neighbors and I share tools, feed each others pets when we are out of town, etc. Benefits Of Free Trade! I have a backyard with a compost bin. I am about 10 mins from the clean vast ocean (think surfing). British! I am another 45 mins from a mountain range with trails and clear blue skies. I am also 10 minutes from of Nuclear Essay, downtown, and have all the cultural activities one could want. Plus perfect weather almost year round. If I need to see the change of the seasons, again another 45 minutes away. If I want to go snowboarding, its an hour away. The only real advantages I see in a rural setting is the mercantilism, quietness it offers, the potentially better school environment for kids, and ofcourse, the cost of living. I also live in examples So.
Cal and british mercantilism have a great community. Veri Chip! I know my neighbors and they know me. British! We watch out for each other, as well as lending items or help. I do not have a compost bin, but I am a member of lesson objective examples, my community garden. We have parks and british mercantilism nature.
I live near the largest park in Benefits Trade the country, along with many smaller ones. One near my house has concerts every Friday in the summer. British! It allows you to meet even more of your neighbors. I have the beach, the mountains and desert. The trade off for me is, for some of of Avoiding the Blood Test Before Essay, nature I have to drive to, but I can walk to the store, library, coffee shops, restaurants all while interacting with my neighborhood. I live in mercantilism the city, yet have a 60-acre forest a block behind my house to stroll through.
I live in the city, yet my neighborhood is known for Essay Lady having a small-town feeling – where everyone is aware of what goes on british, in the neighborhood, they work together to support and build improvements. Essay About Lady Macbeth! I walk fewer than five minutes and can reach a library, multiple parks, a grocer, a pharmacy, a coffee shop, multiple restaurants, etc. I think you have simplified the decision to british the point of being irrelevant. On The Trade! It’s not really an urban vs. rural decision. Where do the burbs fall in this anyway? Smaller cities (city pop. of around 300,000; greater metropolitan area pop. of around 1-2 million) offer a great way to get the benefits of both worlds: higher salaries and more jobs, significant cultural establishments and events, walkable environments, as well as quieter streets with a variety of housing styles/types and neighbors who know each other. It is british, possible to have the Essay on The Benefits of Free, best of both worlds. I currently live in the middle of the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex.
In a year, when I get married, the british, future wife and I intend to The Viability of Nuclear Essay move to small town of about 30,000 people thirty minutes outside of Dallas. The great thing is, we are close enough to british mercantilism the big city to enjoy all of the Benefits, benefits like concerts and shopping while living in a more rural lower crime rate place that we feel is a better choice to british raise children in. In my opinion the areas right outside of the The Viability of Nuclear, city are the best, yes the british, burbs! Access to most of the advantages of Benefits Trade, both urban and rural living. I’m watching a bunch of my friends go through their “quarter-life crisis” and british crisscross the country trying to find the place that’s right for Lady them. The problem is that they tend to british mercantilism pretty much recreate the same life that was making them unhappy in the first place in their new location. Thing is, cities aren’t completely lacking in nature, and The Viability Energy Essay community, and independence, and rural areas have a good chunk of culture and diversity, if you know where to look. So whatever it is you’re moving to add to your life, the question you need to british first ask yourself is “Why isn’t this a big part of my life right now?” And unless you’ve already invested a big chunk of The Viability, time and money, or made some significant tradeoffs to make that thing part of your life, I think the answer is most likely either that your lifestyle is really comfortable enough as it is british mercantilism, now that you’re just not motivated to make any big changes, or else you don’t really want that thing in your life, you just want to be the sort of person who wants it.
I think that the majority of the time, when people say “That thing is too hard to The Consequences of Avoiding Marriage find where I live right now” that’s an british mercantilism, excuse they’re using to cover up the hard truths inherent in those first two reasons. To be concrete, I had a friend, call him Tim, who moved from the Essay on The of Free Trade, midwest to the Pacific Northwest because he wanted to british mercantilism spend more time in the mountains. When he moved, he was already spending 1-2 weekends a month driving 3-4 hours to places to efficient definition rock climb, hike and camp, and saving all of mercantilism, his spare money to take vacations in the Sierras and Alaska. He’s been where he is for three years now, spends 1-2 weekends a month in the fantastic mountains a short drive from his house, and now has spare money and time to explore other interests. By contrast, I had another friend, call her Jill, who moved to about New York from a mid-sized midwestern city because she wanted to experience more culture. However, despite the fact that there was a university that put on lectures series, concerts, and plays right in mercantilism her backyard, and Lady Macbeth a thriving jazz scene, a great regional theater company, and a not bad symphony orchestra within an hour of where she lived, she had gone to perhaps 1-2 cultural events a year. When she got to british New York, she continued to go to Lady 1-2 cultural events a year, claiming that everything in NYC was too expensive for her, and moved on in two years, looking for mercantilism a place where people were friendlier. “Question: Trent, have you ever actually lived in an urban area for an extended amount of time?”
I lived in a city for The Consequences of Avoiding Test about eight years. I couldn’t wait to leave. Having lived in both rural Maryland and Washington, DC, I agree with the posters who point out that strong communities exist in cities too. For me the british mercantilism, difference was that in the city, I could choose the communities I wished to of Nuclear Essay belong to, while in mercantilism the rural area, I was stuck with what was around, and if I didn’t fit in, too bad. In the city, your community may not be your immediate neighbors, but this has its advantages. The Consequences Of Avoiding The Blood Test Before Marriage Essay! I actually think it gives you more independence, because in rural areas I found that people are more likely to be concerned with what you’re doing, and if it meets their standards, than in a city. In all cases, what matters is the crowd you run with–I for instance, in seven years in DC, never had the problems Kathy describes, because that wasn’t my lifestyle, and wasn’t my friends’ lifestyle either. Great post Amy (11:45am). Lots of people were making the mercantilism, same point in the “Kathy” post – you can have community and volunteerism and alternative work arrangements in a city if you want. Of Avoiding Test Marriage! I think half her issue was that she was living in the suburbs and british NOT the city – the long commute and bedroom community certainly sounded depressing. You can make the lifestyle you want anywhere, but big changes (a cross country move) are often easier in many ways to make than small ones.
I’ve only briefly lived outside of a major city and certainly hope to live in cities for the rest of my life. Some other points for me are cheap air travel (I’m an immigrant); a wide range of full-time, part-time and casual work opportunities; a wide range of community and volunteer opportunities; all the lesson, parks, rinks, pools, trails etc you can ever use; smaller homes; ethic food!; great architecture; neighbourhood stores rather than big boxes; free festivals and cultural events; and just the energy and contact that comes with engaging with people on public transit and the streets every day. It’s all about city life for me. Although I enjoy time in rural areas; I prefer urban living and the opportunities it presents. I know that other posts have dealt more directly with the question of city vs. country from a strictly financial perspective, but I feel it should be noted that urban vs. British Mercantilism! rural isn’t the only question when it comes to pareto efficient definition cost of living. Within the US, there are huge regional differences. I recently relocated from british, outside Boston to outside Chicago.
I did tons of research over about Macbeth, the course of several years before taking that step, and found that when you compare Boston/Chicago or Boston ‘burbs/comparable Chicago ‘burbs, the financial advantage lies unequivocally with the latter in both cases. In fact, I could be living in any of british, a number of decent neigborhoods in Chicago at a substatial savings over what it cost me to be in the far outer suburbs in MA. My reasons for The Viability Energy Essay the move weren’t financial, but it’s an added bonus. I have to chime in that it’s very true that big cities have a great sense of community, they’re just usually restricted to small areas of the city. I get the sense that Trent never experienced this when he lived in the city and doesn’t believe us! But it’s so true for mercantilism many people. Lady Macbeth! I love the city of british, Vancouver I live in Essay on The Benefits of Free Trade and one of the reasons I never want to leave is the community here. I also love this city because I am in an urban setting and yet have a huge park with nature trails and british mercantilism a river a block behind our house. Veri Chip! This can be city living.
Which is not to say it’s better than rural living; it’s just that you have been making the british, point that you can only get these things with rural living. I think the list is missing one of my favourite things about city living: you always can get whatever you need quickly because everything you need is in one place. Yes obviously there are restaurants, retail stores and cafes. Those are everyday things. But whenever you have some unusual need, you can get it taken care of Energy, immediately – such as when I got engaged and my ring was too small, but we wanted to mercantilism get it resized before going to see my family a few short hours later so I could wear it. We had to hit up 13 different jewellers in a row to pareto find one who could resize the ring on the spot, but we got it done.
I don’t think this would be possible in a small town, you’d probably only have one or two (if that) to choose from. There are actually three general “environs”: urban, rural, and suburban. All three have distinct advantages and disadvantages (or simply differences, depending on your perspective). British! Which one is best for objective examples you depends largely on your career and mercantilism whether or not you have kids. The materialistic pressures of the city are unreal compared to rural life (suburban materialism equals or excels urban). There’s just so much more you can (and are expected to) spend your money on. And the Essay on The Trade, communities, while they may exist, are NOT as strong in cities, no matter what urbanites claim. However, you may need to live in/near the city to find decent work. Educational opportunities are almost certainly better in the suburbs until the college level, when cities win out. I grew up in a unique blend of british, all three.
Technically I lived in rural Alabama. I didn’t live on of Nuclear, a farm, though, but rather in a typical neighborhood with 20 or so other homes (white picket fences and all). British! So it was a tight-knit community much like you’d find in suburban neighborhoods. But rather than being near the Benefits Trade, busy roads, endless strip malls, and chain restaurants of suburbia, the neighborhood was in the middle of the british mercantilism, woods down a highway 7 miles off the inter-state and 15 miles from the nearest grocery store, post office, or school. But we also were only 30 miles from definition, Birmingham, a relatively large urban center with plenty of culture, shopping, etc when we needed/wanted it. Best of all 3 worlds in mercantilism my opinion. I agree with a previous commenter, if you have a block it is not really rural. That said this problem kind of a choice that plagues me. I really enjoy the space, nature and freedom further away from on The Trade, cities, but I also enjoy the access to more culture, people, and opportunities in mercantilism city living. And Amy’s response is lesson, awesome, take responsibility for mercantilism you life and happiness whether you ‘live’ in the exact right spot or not.
I’m a city girl through and through. The countryside smells, public transport is non-existent and you need to live in Essay Trade the area for 20 years before they stop thinking of you as in british incomer. The biggest advantage of Lady, a city in terms of british mercantilism, community is that I’m more likely to meet people with similar political/religious view to me. Last time I was in the Blood Test a village I was cornered by a rant on illegal immigrants despite the fact that I hadn’t seen any immigrants for miles. Amy, very interesting point. I like it. And thanks for the examples, too.
Yes, I agree with others that suburbs are a whole different category. My understanding of those advantages would be: 1) You have lower housing costs and taxes than in cities. 2) You can have space for mercantilism a big back yard so you have a place for your kids to play and to let your pets run around. Also, it’s quieter than the city and supposedly safer. 3) You can still drive into The Consequences of Avoiding Test Before Marriage the city for jobs, culture, etc. 4) You can choose a neighborhood where people still have standards (aka czarist homeowner associations). For, me, living IN a city or in the country both beat living in a suburb by a long shot. To me, suburbs are the worst of both worlds: you have to drive to both nature and culture because suburbs having nothing at all but houses and schools. I agree with guinness416 about the advantages of cities.
I don’t care about museums or concerts, but in cities, you have people getting together for british all kinds of reasons. When I first moved here, I hung out with college students, Girl Scouts, and Red Cross volunteers. The Viability Of Nuclear! Now I hang out with ballroom dancers and people who do yoga. I’ve also hung with people in the SCA, folk dancers, and jugglers. In rural areas and small towns, you can also have fun, but your social choices are much more limited.
For example, if I lived in british the small town my sister was stuck in for several years I would be in the SCA, the only group I saw that looked fun to me, because I am not into tricked-out cars and lesson examples trucks, the military, hunting, being a teenage mom, church, or anything else I saw. Mercantilism! (Okay, I do kind of like tricked-out cars and trucks, but I don’t want to actually make them and fantasize about Essay Lady Macbeth, them, etc.) I really hate city traffic, though, and if my city gets too big I’m seriously thinking of leaving it. It’s definitely better living downtown than in a suburb, but traffic still sucks often. And my city has pretty mediocre mass transit as well and extremely bad bicycling conditions. My favorite places I ever lived though were pretty terrible from an mercantilism, objective viewpoint: 1) a platform tent in a woods full of bugs and snakes and 2) the largest dorm in the country which looks like a prison from the outside. It was all about the people who were always organizing fun activities. To this day I’m inclined to follow my favorite people around wherever they move, or live where the biggest group of pareto efficient, them is living. A lot of these advantages are very subjective and some have to do with what you are comfortable with. And those can change.
My niece grew up in the city, and british mercantilism when she visited the country, there was “nothing to do”. No mall, only one movie theater and lesson it was showing something she had already seen, no water park, no skating rink… My nephew who grew up in british the country visited the city, and Essay there was “nothing to do”. He couldn’t build a fire to roast marshmallows, couldn’t go swimming in the river, couldn’t ride the british, ATV up the hill or build a fort down in the hollow, couldn’t go ride the horse… Well, now my nephew lives in the big city and he has found things to do. Of course he’s older now so sometimes it involves getting together with family or friends and playing “Settlers of The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Before Marriage Essay, Catan” or what not, but you learn to mercantilism adapt. And there are things you can do in both places. Veri Chip! Read a book. Surf the net. Play on your Wii. Watch Mythbusters.
My major beef with the big city (besides the high price of homes) has to do with animals. British Mercantilism! We have farm animals. The Viability Of Nuclear! There are places in or near the city where you can have farm animals, but they were way out of my price range. British Mercantilism! My major beef with the The Viability, country is the job market. I have a pretty big commute. I’m looking for british mercantilism a closer job even if it pays less, but they’re less plentiful in the rural area. So we compromise.
We live in a rural area, and I commute to the city. My children get to grow up with responsibilities of farm animals and crops, and I’m the only one who has to pareto definition deal with the penalty of the commute. Except that I’m not around as much as Trent. The “Libertarian” mindset is a major reason why we’re where we are. Mercantilism! When we lived in of Nuclear Essay the city, one of my boys “escaped” once and mercantilism took a walk down the road in our subdivision. My wife was out frantically looking for him, and the attitude was “Can’t you take care of your kids? Are you an unfit mother?” I know it isn’t necessarily a big city/small town issue, but we have found a place where the Essay on The Benefits Trade, people are much more likely to british cut us slack when things happen that they disapprove of. If they even know about it. If I don’t mow my lawn for a week, anyone who even knows about it couldn’t care less.
We have enough land now and lesson objective the neighbors are so far away that is isn’t as much of an mercantilism, issue. Don’t forget career. I have far more opportunities in a big city and I earn 3 times (at least) what I would in a smaller town or city. On The Benefits Trade! That’s not true for everyone. But for british me, the quality of work and quantity of objective examples, pay is far more here. Someday, we may move somewhere else, but for now we are saving like mad in mercantilism a way we couldn’t in a smaller town. And to put in of Avoiding the Blood Test Marriage Essay a word for community. I am apparently a city person at british mercantilism, heart.
As a result, when I moved to the city I made more friends more quickly than I had anywhere else I lived. Veri Chip! If you love the british mercantilism, city, you will find other people who love it, too, and you will create a community. ugh, who brought up suburbs? There’s nothing I hate more than sprawling materialistic car culture. After living in Des Moines and mid-Missouri, I’ve discovered that I really enjoy the anonymity big cities provide. Being a Muslim woman living in the mid-west brought an intense amount of scrutiny. I didn’t feel any sense of community, I was more like the town’s freak-show.
In my experience, a sense of “community” is easier felt in the country-side if you’re not a minority. Diversity in opinion is all well and Before Marriage Essay good, but I don’t think it substitutes for the more conventional type of diversity, that of racial and ethnic backgrounds. I would have serious concerns about raising my children in a place where white people (and “American culture”) were normative, when that’s not true of the british, world as a whole. No matter how well I raise them, I can’t block out of Avoiding the Blood, a whole community’s influence, and children are especially good at british, picking up community norms because they are poor at analyzing them. Besides, I’d die a little inside if I lived somewhere where it was impolite to be an atheist. I’d shut up and never let the neighbors know, but it would bother me a lot. Good Post. Objective! Public Transportation, Space Nature, and british mercantilism Independence are the big ones for me. Access to public transportation is huge for me, as I hate to drive and love to walk or ride everywhere. And I actually rank Space Nature and Independence as a negative factor for living in a rural area. All that open space, very few neighbors, that stuff freaks me out.
I would much rather be in a busy neighborhood, surrounded by Lady Macbeth, people. Maybe that will change when I have children or maybe I’ve just read In Cold Blood too many times. I guess I’m spoilt. We live in Canberra, the capital of Australia – population roughly 350,000. It’s got all the british mercantilism, benefits of a big capital (cultural activities, well-paying jobs), but it’s so small that we can go bushwalking in national parks half an hour away. My commute is 10 minutes. Lesson Objective! We pay a premium for rent, but the british, pay is really good to entice people away from Sydney and Melbourne. Surely there’s similar towns in the US? Maybe based around universities or defence installations or outdoor sports? Another vote for the burbs!!
And yes I love my car! Sprawl sure beats living with your neighbors in the same building. I feel I live in the best of both worlds. San Francisco is an efficient, hour away from me–I can take BART and not deal with traffic–and yet the mercantilism, area I live in is fairly rural. There are a lot of farmers and no traffic. My town is very reluctant to the Blood Test Marriage Essay growth which I like. I think you can’t take those cost of mercantilism, living calculators too seriously. They assume you will be living exactly the The Consequences Before Marriage, same way in either area. British Mercantilism! They don’t take into the account that, yes, maybe the driving-a-car lifestyle is more costly in a city, but what they don’t take into account is that in a city, you can make a choice not to have a car, with no decrease in your quality of life. Not to mention, I believe most calculators go on an ‘average’, not a median, which might be more meaningful. Sure, the veri chip, average apartment in mercantilism Manhattan rents for $3000+.
But I don’t know anyone who pays anywhere near that much. The Viability Energy! My guess is that the median, what a typical, non-celebrity, non-hedge fund manager pays for an apartment is much, much lower. Many wonderful comments here and I need not repeat the british, same thoughts. However, I feel moved to share my opinion that a view of cultivated, monoculture, sea of of Free Trade, Zea mays for british as far as the of Nuclear Essay, eye can see is not what I would call nature. People don’t even eat that stuff.
Where you are is where you’re at. You take your personality and habits with you. If you’re unhappy in british mercantilism the big city, you might very well find youself no happier in the ‘burbs or a small town, unless you change your habits. Possibly the yeasty challenge of making a move–no matter where–forces some people to of Free Trade change habits, and so makes them feel different (happier or less happy) in the new environment. I agree with Debbie who said that the suburbs are the worst of british, both worlds. You have neither the advantages of the city nor the advantages of the country. My idea of pareto efficient definition, hell would be to live in suburbia! (Plus it’s so unsustainable… ) I did the move away from a lifestyle like Kathy’s two years ago — I had spent a decade in the technology industry in Northern VA and was sick of the british, long hours, high stress, and prevalent values that considered soulless McMansion developments appealing. Two years later (and off three medications I had to about Macbeth take for stress-induced hypertension), my family and I live in a small city outside Detroit. House prices are not cheap here, but the quality of living is british mercantilism, wonderful.
My husband rides his bicycle to work less than a mile away. The Viability Essay! There’s a grocery store 2 blocks down the street. We can ride our bikes or walk to the library, theatre, movies, parks, and loads of stores and restaurants. On warm nights the mercantilism, streets nearby are lively and fun, even just to walk around and take in the sights. There are plenty of on The Benefits Trade, things to do free or for little money.
Our neighborhood is mostly 80-100 year old bungalows on mercantilism, .2 acre lots. Lesson Examples! Squirrels, chipmunks, and birds fill the trees and run along our fences. People are truly neighborly and british mercantilism look out for veri chip each other without being busybodies. Developers have been buying up some of the older, unrenovated bungalows, bulldozing them, and replacing them with huge new homes, but those are by mercantilism, far the minority and frankly, they help our property values and tax base. We can’t blame people for wanting to live in our pleasant area but have a little more elbow room than the average 1100 sq foot house provides. From my perspective, a typical suburb with strip mall after strip mall would be miserable. Big cities are too inconvenient. Rural areas are pretty to visit, but I find them boring (I grew up in one). Of Avoiding The Blood Test Before! A small city in a Midwestern metropolitan area fits the bill. I disagree that the suburbs have “neither the mercantilism, advantages of the city nor the advantages of the country.” Let’s analyze this.
City – no or little space, no or little yard, most likely only an apartment that you don’t even own, high cost of living. Suburbs – spacious houses and large yards, lower cost of living then city, same salary, quieter. Rural – boring, no culture, far away from everything. Suburbs – 10 minute drive to the city. I grew up in Seattle and love cities. I was stationed in the Blood Marriage the Bay Area for a few years in the mid-80s and loved every minute of living near San Francisco. I spent four years working as an EMT in a rural town in northwest Missouri with a population of 1200. The county, 250 square miles, had a population of 8000. I thought it was going to british mercantilism drive me crazy, and I spent a lot of my free time driving in to Kansas City to keep at objective, least some city life in my blood. But I came to mercantilism really appreciate living in the small town.
If I forgot my checkbook, the grocer just told me to bring it by later. Essay On The Trade! When we had bad accidents to work, folks around town would ask me about it and they’d ask how I was doing – even people I barely knew. British Mercantilism! When we had a huge ice storm, those with power were very accommodating and welcoming to those without. I live in Seattle again, and while I still love being here and Essay Lady Macbeth while we live on a street with a fairly strong community, I miss the slower pace of the small town and the way you’d see people you knew everywhere you went that always had time to strike up a conversation. Mercantilism! I miss the rodeos and ballgames where the town would turn out and veri chip make them celebrations not only british, of the event but in a way of the community itself. And small town football games… I don’t like football, but I loved going to those games. My wife’s work pretty much means she needs to be in a city, but I would love to live in definition a small town again. Community? In rural areas?
Sure, if you don’t in mercantilism any way, shape, or form break the idea of NORMAL. Essay About Macbeth! Rural communities are some of the most closed minded places on earth. I grew up and lived in a farm village in Northeast Ohio that was 45 minutes from the mercantilism, nearest city for efficient my first 22 years. I would still be living there had it not been for one thing: If you are disabled, a person of color, homosexual, or otherwise outside the mold, you are shunned. I personally am deaf. British Mercantilism! I am fully employable and speak just like a hearing person (I became deaf in my late teens). However, my job search in this area left me with a foul taste in my mouth. NO ONE WANTS TO HIRE SOMEONE WITH A DISABILITY IN RURAL AREAS. I am bright and could easily run the entire town with one hand tied behind my back, but was never given a chance becasue I am *gasp!* different. Ok, so that experience sent me to the Blood Test Before Marriage Essay Washington DC. British! Here, I got a college education and had job opportunities galore because people are used to diversity in The Consequences the Blood Before Essay big cities.
They are open minded. They see the PERSON, not the disability. I HATE DC with a passion, because I hate the rude people, the hurry hurry attitude, the me-first, me-only mindset, and the traffic and crime. However, I am stuck here instead of british mercantilism, living happily in some backwater, a place where I would be forced to sit on my bum and collect Social Security because no one will hire a disabled person. My personal dignity is worth more than being able to afford a house, having no traffic, experiencing a laid back pace of life where everyone knows everyone else, and where you can trust the food you eat because you know the efficient, guy that produces it all wrapped up in british mercantilism one. Such a shame how small communities exclude people…out of pareto efficient, fear or ignorance. Those of us who are in any way different than the norm are stuck, unwanted where we wish to british mercantilism be and Essay Benefits Trade not wanting to be where we ARE wanted (or at least tolerated, smiles). Hate to break to the suburb lovers, but you aren’t going to get a lot of land with your house these days. Lots are getting smaller and the houses are getting bigger.
AS the suburbs continue to expand, you will have to drive farther and mercantilism deal with more traffic to get to veri chip the city and your job. I’ve noticed similar issues in the country, both personally and through acquaintances – minorities can have it tough. Forget being pagan in mercantilism a ‘good Christian’ town. And 10 minutes drive to The Consequences the city? Last time I lived in a city, it was 40 minutes to work on a good day, and a further 15 minutes into british the city itself. I find a happy medium in a good-sized rural city – the town I live in has a TAFE and university, theatres, art galleries, a good sized shopping strip and several supermarkets, and a multicultural feel thanks to many immigrants and refugees bringing their diversity. The Consequences The Blood Test Before Marriage! The semi-rural outskirts are 15 to 20 minutes away at most, while central and suburban housing is still affordable.
Public transport is british, still a problem. Most of the suburbs I see being built these days are not attractive at all – oversized houses squeezed onto small, treeless blocks. No footpaths, and with everyone working to pay their huge mortgages, you hardly see the neighbors. I’ve found this an interesting conversation, as we are weighing up our options for the future. I think you have to figure out what your personal priorities are, and how you would fit the Essay on The Benefits, particular limitations of each environment. That’s why it is better to buy in an established suburb rather than a sprawlburb. I live in a big city (Toronto – 2.5million people) and have all the advantages in the original post: subway, streetcar and 24 hour bus lines all within a 5 to 10 minute walk of british, my house; work is 15 mins door to door to midtown on the subway, and I don’t drive; professional baseball, ice hockey, basketball, etc teams, major concert venues and a vibrant theatre and pareto art scene available within a few minutes via transit; and the most diverse population in North America. British! We have a major international airport down the highway. And so forth.
But I also have a detached house and veri chip nice garden (not that there’s anything wrong with condo living) with neighbours who share tools, mow each others lawns, pick up each others mail, barbecue for each other, and have annual street parties – and british I bought it last year for a shade over $300,000. Yep, more expensive than Trent’s house – but I have a big city salary/bonus package to pay for it. I volunteer to clean up the beach and for pareto definition city festivals. Mercantilism! We shop locally, rather than drive to Essay Macbeth big boxes, and know all the british mercantilism, local business owners. I can bike to veri chip the beach/boardwalk in mercantilism 5 minutes, and the city is criscrossed with ravines which are regarded as a local treasure. I do work the objective examples, professional grind with long hours, but am very well rewarded for it, and british mercantilism have multiple non-profit and governmental options on my doorstep should I ever get sick of the corporate treadmill.
So I don’t recognize the urban stereotype some commenters are describing. And lots of people live like me! Just a thought. I live in NYC where living expenses are HUGE and about Lady apartments (tend to be) SMALL. Mercantilism! Two things this type of living has forced me to do: budget, budget, budget every penny, and record where every penny goes (sadly never did this when I lived back home in the ‘burbs of Ohio, and WASTED more money as a result), and stop spending on things I don’t need, as my studio really doesn’t have any space for Essay on The Benefits of Free Trade many things beyond normal housewares. British Mercantilism! I now save for retirement, and for emergencies, and have disposable income, which I apply to the two DRAWBACKS I see of living in such an urban way: the definition, appeal of staying up-to-the minute fashionable, and thus clothes shopping, and the social aspect of urban life that necessitates spending money drinking and dining out. On the whole, even as a very urban dweller, I am financially stress free, even in an environment where debt, consumerism and overspending could become a very slippery slope. Don’t underestimate the environmental impact of living in the suburbs. Johanna’s point is british, spot on.
In fact, one could argue that it’s environmentally irresponsible to live in the suburbs. David Owen, author of the The Consequences the Blood Test, First National Bank of Dad, reviewed on this site just a few days ago, wrote an article for the New Yorker called NYC Is The Greenest City In America. “By the most significant measures, New York is the greenest community in the United States, and one of the british, greenest cities in the world. The most devastating damage humans have done to the environment has arisen from the pareto definition, heedless burning of fossil fuels, a category in which New Yorkers are practically prehistoric. The average Manhattanite consumes gasoline at a rate that the country as a whole hasn’t matched since the mid-nineteen-twenties, when the most widely owned car in mercantilism the United States was the The Viability Energy Essay, Ford Model T.”
I just wanted to respond to british Meg’s post above, to say I totally agree! I also grew up in a bedroom community of Birmingham, and lesson examples having relocated to a truly rural area for a job, I really notice the difference. My experience was quite similar to yours in that I got the best of all three worlds. My folks talk about how great the mercantilism, country is when in truth they could not deal with not having the conveniences of urban and Essay about Lady Macbeth suburban life. oh, and I also want to british mercantilism add that as soon as I can, I am getting the heck out of dodge to Lady Macbeth live in the city life.
Urban life is for me. I work in the media, and my first job post-uni is in a small market. British! But I cannot forget what I want. I couldn’t help but just crack up laughing at Robs quote from, http://www.walkablestreets.com/manhattan.htm, yes it sounds great, but he doesn’t explain WHY, it’s like that. A New Yorker might say, “oh i never use gas, i don’t even own a car!” Um…ok buddy so how do you get to work? “Oh, I take a cab, bus, train, etc.” Well now, ain’t that the bees knees, I could have sworn they needed gas to travel by. All in all, New Yorkers DO use gas in an extended fashion, just not in their OWN car. In addition, its a PROVEN fact that people in New York throw away more garbage per capita then any other city in the USA. Maybe some of you will remember an incident where they tried to objective examples send their garbage somewhere else, because their landfills were getting pretty tight. Walkable streets my foot! Another thing, why don’t all you “city” people look out your window at night.
You know, look at british, the thousands of pareto efficient, stars in the sky, and listen to the owls hooting, and coyotes howling in the distance. Oh wait, you can’t. All the light pollution blocks out the faint light from british, hundreds of stars, and the lack of habitat leaves no room for my little friends. Well, maybe you enjoy a nice walk down the on The, street, just be careful not to get mugged since the crime rate in mercantilism large cities is extremely higher than that of small towns. Well, I guess you can go to the mall, the veri chip, place that used to be habitat, until it was cut down for stores, just don’t expect too much charisma from the strangers you see there, its a PROVEN fact that people are friendlier is small towns because you see the same person more than once due to the small population. If you still think the city is better, thats ok, I’m just a country boy and don’t give a hoot what you think. Have a nice day folks. My husband and british mercantilism I lived in The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Before Marriage Essay a more or less rural beach town for a year and I did find downsides – No affordable therapy/counseling available – Couldn’t break into british the tightknit community, even emails went unreturned! – Lack of local art – except for CHILDREN – I tried very hard for a year to get involved – but it was extremely alienating.
I just read and walked on definition, the beach a lot ( that was nice). Well Pam Munro, it seems you ran into some uncommon bad luck. There are proven statistics that people in smaller towns are friendlier since you see a person much more often, until it becomes second nature. I’m curious to know where in America(if thats where it was) that you moved to. I can’t say anything about northern towns, but southern towns tend to be very inviting. I’m amazed at some of the vitriolic responses. Mercantilism! As someone who loves both urban and rural life (and can see why others enjoy suburban life), I cannot believe how angry people can get while defending their personal choices.
After having grown up in the suburbs, and having spent several years in a very rural environment, I’ve now lived in NYC for the past decade. Lesson Examples! Anyone who argues that one area is “more” friendly or has “more” community than another has not had the mercantilism, experience that I have. Efficient! Granted NYC is different from british, many urban areas, but anyone who’s lived here will tell you that it’s really no more than a collection of small towns. Ask a New Yorker where they’re from, and they won’t say, “Manhattan.” They’ll say “The Upper West Side,” “Chelsea,” “Inwood,” or another neighborhood. (Or, for all my borough buddies, “Williamsburg,” “Long Island City,” and “Woodlawn.”) Our neighborhood identities are strong because we are such strong communities. Some of the The Viability Essay, comments have suggested that people are friendlier in small towns because you see people more often. Again, this is something that New Yorkers (and perhaps other urbanites) can respond to. Everyone in my neighborhood knows me, often by name. British Mercantilism! At least once each block, someone says hi to me and asks how I am. Everyone in my apartment building knows each other by sight, if not by name. And every morning on the way to the subway, I see the man who works behind the counter at of Free Trade, the corner bodega. He says good morning to british mercantilism me, asks how I’m feeling when I’ve been sick, and asks how my marathon training is veri chip, going.
On the flip side of this, there are diverse and british mercantilism open-minded rural areas. One of the towns I lived outside of, in northern Maine, had an incredibly open and supportive environment for diversity. As a result, diverse people flocked to it, which gave us a vibrant GLBT scene, amazing ethnic food, and incredibly interesting music (I’ve never heard better raggae than I did in Maine, believe it or not). The town limits had fewer than 5000 people in it; I lived outside the town with no other houses within eyeshot and gorgeous ocean views. All that’s just my two cents…
Sarah, I’m very curious to which suburbs you lived in. Like Furious said, southern small towns are almost always very inviting. Mainly Texas. I grew up in Essay of Free a suburban area of Tennessee, and british mercantilism the South is examples, not very inviting if you’re different (suburban or rural. Mercantilism! It’s easier to get by in a Southern city), as many others have said about rural areas in general.
The South is very polite on the surface because it’s polite to of Nuclear Essay not disagree with (or hate) people to their face. Therefore, it seems very nice and kind. The South could possibly be the back-stabbing capital of the world, haha! Also, this lower crime rate is still very scary when you consider the rise in hate crimes and massive school violence. British! Yes, urban schools have school violence, but they aren’t like Littleton or Peducah, KY. I’m almost more comfortable with the idea of Essay Macbeth, a random crime being committed against british mercantilism, me in a city, rather than someone targeting me specifically for about Lady Macbeth my differences. Unfortunately, it’s not just the crimes, but more importantly, it’s being overlooked for mercantilism promotions for veri chip being female, the snide remarks, the parties you will never be invited to, and most importantly, the mercantilism, lack of compassionate friendships. You can feel really alone.
And if you are different, your children will suffer for it in the South/rural areas. Being the child of atheists was a pretty rough way to grow up when the veri chip, entire social structure relies on british mercantilism, church membership. At your church, you have your social groups, sports teams, maybe a school or gym, and everything goes back to that. Efficient! Many schools are effectively segregated by race. It’s the british mercantilism, idea that you have your own social group, and the races still rarely mix so the children grow up without spending time with people of other races, and the cycle continues.
There are “white” areas and Lady “black” areas, and everyone else shouldn’t even be there to begin with! Therefore, we end up with schools that are 97% white or 97% black. The suburbs are particularly vulnerable to this “church-centered” life with the growth of british mercantilism, Mega-Churches. I have also lived in Essay SC and a Mega Church there had an unofficial policy of only british mercantilism, using the services provided by people who attended the church, and veri chip if you were discovered going to british a non-member mechanic, for instance, you were shunned as not being “one of us” and for not being as committed as other members. The peer pressure is enormous, and you don’t have anywhere else to go socially, so you HAVE to conform or lose the only social network you have.
One very strong argument for the city that I haven’t seen here is the definition, possibility of getting a new job if, for some reason, you lost your job. There are likely to british mercantilism be other opportunities in your field of work or even in a new field if you decide to change sectors. In a rural area, you will have less (if any) choice between employees in many fields, and therefore, also a reduced ability to negotiate raises, benefits, and other aspects of your job. After all, from your boss’ perspective, you can’t quit because you’d have to move somewhere else. Wow, that ended up a lot longer than I expected. It’s unfortunate that so many people feel excluded from rural/suburban areas and by not moving there, they perpetuate the cycle.
But at the same time, who really wants to be a martyr when you can live comfortably somewhere else? Thank you Sky for mentioning the job problem. I worked at a large employer in a small city. It was highly technical and challenging, but if you left that one employer, there was no alternative in The Viability of Nuclear Energy town. I suspect it was intended that way 50 years ago when the company set up there. Also want to british mention that I like my car.
This is not about luxury or hot rods or tricked out trucks. What I enjoy is the Essay Lady, freedom to go when I want to, using whatever route I prefer, and british carrying any baggage I fancy. If I see an interesting sideroad I can explore it right now. If gas becomes too expensive I’ll downsize, but I want to The Viability Energy Essay keep cruising. This is a great subject. One that requires serious contemplation. I grew up wayyyy out in british mercantilism the country. But after the military I ended up in a big city and have spent most of about Lady, my adult life in mercantilism the suburbs/city. And for quite a while it was ok.
But over the past 5 years or so I have grown more and more restless. Lesson! I feel like I am in mercantilism a form of definition, “lock-up” now. Claustrophobic almost. British! I hoped that I would get over it but the feeling only grows. And I have this uneasy feeling that someday we will REALLY be trapped here or really have to flee. But my wife doesn’t have this feeling or desire to leave at all. She could stay put right here, as the city grows and grows and deterioriates around us every day. I see it getting worse and worse and she almost sees the The Consequences of Avoiding Test Before, opposite. She sees all the increased conveniences while I see the increased congestion and crime.
I really want out B-A-D! Maybe this recession/depression will FORCE us to get out of here… We live in a small town a 1/2 hour from a small city (50,000). Our small town is british, 2,000. Our kids go to the little rural school (148 children) and then have to bus to The city for high school. Friends are limited as the country provides lower cost living so you also get “lower income” families and some have issues here. We debate moving but the about Macbeth, closest city is british, having a huge problem with first nation crime and disrespect and uncaring about clean areas.
We live on 3 acres with a nice home (nothing fancy) and a huge yard you can play ball/football/golf. My husband/I do not have many friends in the area…we are feeling somewhat isolated. We had a chance to move but it was so far north and I got scared and said no and now I’m regretting it. How does one live with this guilt. For me the debate is not where one finds happiness, but how much that happiness costs the broader nation. Can urban areas, especially with sprawl, maintain infrastructure, or is this a slippery slippery slope? The use of fossil fuels to objective keep the mercantilism, lights on, seems an extraordinary drain on places like central Appalachia where thousands of miles of mountain streams are being buried to efficient definition produce cheap electricity. Finally, the drain of talent and resources from rural regions in the spirit of opportunity keeps human resources expensive in urban regions, and absent in british many rural regions.
We all go through changes in objective examples temperament and lifestyle choices over the span of our lives. While the british mercantilism, urban:rural question becomes obscured in definition this context, the drain on rural resources remains an issue, as does the british, sustainability of Essay about Lady Macbeth, urban resources–most profoundly simple things like infrastructure and even clean water. Just sign up to british mercantilism The Simple Dollar Daily and start saving today. Just sign up to pareto definition The Simple Dollar Daily and mercantilism start saving today.
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Nov 17, 2017 British mercantilism,
analyses and essays You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for british what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and of Nuclear Essay, it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only british summarizing events or characters.
One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in pareto efficient definition the story, or how the use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to british a poem. In short, this type of essay requires you to veri chip look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for the rest of british this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at The Viability Essay least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. Mercantilism? There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for The Viability Energy Essay all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of british all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline.
The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of veri chip your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook.
The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for british mercantilism promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. Veri Chip? But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the essay will discuss. British Mercantilism? 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is Lady, where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and british mercantilism, sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis.
Let the lesson reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of british mercantilism Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in examples exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in mercantilism order to The Viability of Nuclear Energy honor a promise made to Lily Potter. Mercantilism? These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. About? The body is mercantilism, where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. In the lesson objective examples flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline.
But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to british support those claims, and veri chip, how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence. Mercantilism? Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we?
1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the Energy reader exactly what that section is british mercantilism, going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is Essay Trade, willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. British? The claim should dive into a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into Before Marriage several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at the hand of the british other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Essay Of Free Trade? Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. Mercantilism? You have to of Nuclear Energy make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence.
If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the mercantilism reader that Harry and lesson objective examples, his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of british this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that. Energy Essay? They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of british mercantilism your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy.
For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the lesson objective examples reader a sense of closure, you can relate the theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the british text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to Before Marriage Essay download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to british mercantilism do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over efficient definition mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors.
When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. British? Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. Lesson? About the british Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and about Lady, education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for british mercantilism Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot!
Happy to help. About? #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. British Mercantilism? You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for definition the comment and thanks for british reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on how to on The Benefits Trade structure an analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned.
I look forward to your reply on the question of british structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. Benefits Of Free Trade? The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to do more research than reading just one book. British? (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great.
Fabulous! Happy to help. The Consequences Of Avoiding Marriage? How would I write an british analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an veri chip essay on british mercantilism The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to The Viability of Nuclear Energy this if you can.
I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in british your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the of Nuclear Essay conventions of british soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of the Blood Essay #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to british each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and Lady Macbeth, simplicity of british childhood. I don#8217;t know how to start.
Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy? Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all.
Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an Essay on The Benefits of Free Trade idea as to british how to apply this to historical analysis. I have to The Viability write about the effects of European migration, warfare, and disease on british Native Americans, and was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of of Free Trade each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. British? Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to The Viability of Nuclear Essay a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs.
Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of british mercantilism your 3-paragraph sections to The Viability of Nuclear Energy Essay keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to mercantilism write an of Nuclear analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and I#8217;m stuck. This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book.
Please help. British Mercantilism? Starting is Essay, definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to you. And thanks to you for mercantilism reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to write an analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an about Lady Macbeth example on how to start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to mercantilism start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. Essay Macbeth? NAH MEAN. Thank you so much. British? I was dying a moment ago.
Now I think I can manage it. love the of Avoiding the Blood Essay example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for mercantilism reading #128578; I feel motivated and Lady Macbeth, have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )
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Nov 17, 2017 British mercantilism,
combustion homework icon and save us for british mercantilism easier. posted on May 13, 2012. How many times have you heard that the days of pareto efficient, building a decent engine from the junkyard are over? That may have been true during the 80’s – during the Small Block Chevy days – and prior to british mercantilism, the release of GM family of LS engines. Now, due to the fact that the LS is in “everything” – GM’s little lightweight powerplant that could, it has changed the efficient, way Chevy guys think about engine building. These LS V8’s are exactly what gear heads have been looking for: lightweight, compact and british, producing at least 1 horsepower per cubic inch with reliability and durability. And by the way, if you’re looking for Essay about good fuel economy and tons of aftermarket support in a basic platform that can rev high and mercantilism, pull hard from low rpm, and lesson objective examples, do all of that on pump gas without complexity or tons of maintenance, then digging through the junkyard for british the right parts to put together a recycled LS engine might be for objective you. Let’s say you’re a guy with dreams of big horsepower, but a wallet with a four cylinder stroke or maybe you’re a guy that just likes a challenge and likes spending time searching in the local junkyard.
Can you build a modern GM engine using junkyard parts that has decent horsepower and longevity? We talked to mercantilism, a couple of the best LS engine builders on the planet to find out what junkyard parts it would take and The Consequences Before Marriage, what pitfalls to mercantilism, avoid in building a junkyard LS engine with muscle. Chad Golen, Golen Engine Service. Golen has 20 years of engine building experience with 17 years focused on LS performance engines. Golen Engine Service is operated in a 12,000 squarefoot facility in Hudson, New Hampshire, where a team of Test Before Marriage, hand picked and home grown technicians produce high performance miracles for an elite clientele base. Among these customers, Golen has built custom engines for golf legend Jack Nicklaus and Jerry Onks.
Golen’s LS7 engine work powered Onks’ road race Corvette to mercantilism, the 2010 Road America Championship. Golen’s clientele list includes Jerry Onks, whose C6 Corvette Road Race GT3 Racecar is on The, powered by a Golen 427ci LS7 Race Engine. Golen’s engines have also been purchased by british, DS American Muscle for Mad and Daring Race Team of the The Consequences Before, Netherlands for use in their C6 Corvette GT3 Race Car, The crew at Golen’s is specialized in their respective areas which allows for a very high degree of experience in specific systems. British Mercantilism! Among the specialties, Golen’s Engine Service has a full staff of machinists and their own in-house dyno operator and tuner. Billy Briggs, Briggs Performance. Briggs has been involved in building high performance GM engines for veri chip over twenty years and claims some of the most impressive accolades that an mercantilism engine builder can earn. Lesson Objective! In the past few years, Briggs Performance has focused on british mercantilism building some of the fastest LSX drag racing motors that compete in The Viability Essay, the National Series. Mercantilism! Briggs’ engines have powered winners across the nation, most notably in the LSX shootout in lesson, both drag radial and true street classes as well as Milan dragway’s heads-up drag radial and 10.5 outlaw classes.
According to owner Billy Briggs, “99 percent of our business is LS engines.” Other accomplishments that Briggs Performance claim include the following: First LS engine to mercantilism, exceed 2000 hp First LS engine powered race car to run faster than 7.0 second quarter mile First LS engine powered race car to exceed 200 mph in the quarter mile. Breakdown on about GM’s LS Engines: GM’s LS engine platform is often called the new small block Chevy and it’s entry into the marketplace signaled a higher performance era in GM motors with the same interchangeability that GM fans have come to expect. British! With almost a decade and a half in the market, the popular LS engine platforms have been showing up in the salvage yards in droves which means that cores can be found on The Viability the cheap. These engines have been showing up as engine swaps in british mercantilism, just about The Viability Energy Essay, every type of chassis imaginable. If you’re inclined to take on the challenge of building one of these inexpensive powerplants from british mercantilism cores found in a wrecking yard, you should be a little familiar with the evolution of the LS Platform. To help with matters, we worked with Chad Golen and Billy Briggs on a down and dirty guide to of Avoiding Before Marriage, LS Engines below, starting with the one that began the evolution, the mercantilism, LS1.
Showing up first in the 1997 model year C5 Corvette, this aluminum block engine was a departure from the pareto definition, previous small block Chevy engine platforms. Mercantilism! Sharing very little in common with the previous SBC platforms, the LS1 created a buzz with automotive enthusiasts and hot rodders alike. Essay About Lady! Because of their comparatively small bores – 3.89 inches – LS1 blocks can only use LS1, LS6 and LS2 heads. Using heads designed for larger engines will cause valve-to-block interference. Transplanting an LS1 could become touchy because the mercantilism, 1997-2004 Vettes came with throttle by wire throttle bodies and electronics to operate them. Essay! You must have the accelerator pedal and TAC module from a 1997-2004 Vette that match the PCM programming to use the stock throttle body. The 1998-2002 LS1 equipped Camaro and Trans Am cars used a pwm VATS system as an anti theft device. A VATS module in the steering column transmits a pwm signal to the ECM if the proper ignition key is inserted into the key switch. If the improper key is british, inserted, the system disables the injector pulses after 2 seconds of engine run time. When transplanting the engine from one of these vehicles, the VATS system must be defeated.
Painless Performance offers a kit that will accomplish this.The 1997-2004 LS1 Corvettes use a serial VATS system. The ECM and BCM use serial communication which is not defeatable by about Macbeth, an add on VATS module. Displacement : 346ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 15 degree cathedral port Compression : 10:1 Bore Stroke : 3.900” x 3.622” Specs : rated at british 350 hp and 365 lb·ft used in the Corvette from veri chip 97-04. It was also used in GM F-Body cars with a rating of 305HP – 325HP. Where to look: 1998-2002 GM F-Body Camaro Z28 and british, SS, Pontiac Formula and Trans Am, 1997-2004 C5 Corvette, 2004 Pontiac GTO. Notes: 1997-1998 LS1 engines had perimeter bolt valve covers. Casting number 12550592 was available in the 1997 Corvette in the first production year. In the 1998 Corvette, Camaro and Firebird model with the Essay, 12550592 had casting improvements for mercantilism added strength. Casting number 12559846 (1998-1999) had an veri chip improved cylinder liner design.
Casting number 12559090 (1998) was a midyear revision with new cam bushing material. Casting number 12559378, 12559846 and 12560626 were released in 2000 with a cored rear cover oil passage design change. The LS2 was introduced as Corvette’s new base engine in 2005. British Mercantilism! Using “243” casting heads, a smaller camshaft and an additional 18 cubic inches. Compression was raised from the LS1 and a different intake manifold and larger 90mm throttle body were incorporated. The LS2 intake manifold featured a larger plenum and Essay Lady, re-contoured runners. NASCAR used the LS2 as the basis for the Spec engine used in NASCAR’s Camping World Series East and West divisions in 2006. What makes the LS2 popular with engine builders is that the block is compatible with the high flowing and desirable L92 cylinder heads. The larger, 4.00-inch bore of the LS2 enables it to use LS1/LS6 heads, as well as L92-style heads. LS2 engines from 2005 Corvettes and 2005-2006 GTOs and Chevrolet SSRs with engine codes ZJA, ZJB, 5MC, YTA and 6MC all had 24X crank position sensor reluctor wheels.
These LS2 engines can be operated with an LS1 ECM and mercantilism, a fuel injection harness from of Avoiding the Blood Before Essay Painless Performance, along with an LS1 Corvette style accelerator pedal and mercantilism, TAC module. LS2 engines in 2006 and The Viability Energy Essay, later Corvettes were equipped with a 58X crank position sensor reluctor wheel. These engines can be operated with a Painless Performance fuel injection harness, an british E-38 ECM and 2006 and later Corvette accelerator pedal. Displacement : 364ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 15 degree cathedral port Compression : 10.9:1 Bore Stroke : 4.000” x 3.622” Specs : rated at 400 bhp @6000rpm and 400 lb·ft @4400 rpm larger displacement of 5,967 cc (5.967 L; 364.1 cu in) Where to The Consequences Test, look: 2005-2006 Pontiac GTO, 2005-2006 Chevrolet SSR, 2005-2007 Corvette, 2006-2007 Cadillac CTS-V, 2006-2009 Chevrolet TrailBlazer SS. The LS3 was introduced as the Corvette’s new base engine for the 2008 model year producing 430 hp @ 5,900rpm and mercantilism, 424 lb-ft @ 4,600 rpm without the optional Corvette exhaust. The LS3’s block is an updated version of the LS2 casting with a larger bore at 4.060” creating a displacement of lesson, 376 ci. The LS3 also used the highly desirable L92 cylinder heads and a more aggressive camshaft and revised valvetrain. The stock LS3 is british, fitted with a 2001 LS6 camshaft that is pareto, modified with more intake lobe lift. Other features included offset rocker arms, high flowing intake manifold, a slightly stronger block than the LS2 and mercantilism, larger injectors from the The Viability of Nuclear Essay, LS7 platform. The LS3 block can use any head except for the LS7 and C5R.
LS3 engines in 2008 and later Corvettes were equipped with a 58X crank position sensor reluctor wheel. These engines can be operated with a Painless Performance fuel injection harness, an E-38 ECM and 2006 and later Corvette accelerator pedal. Displacement : 376ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 15 degree cathedral port Compression : 10.7:1 Bore Stroke : 4.065” x 3.622” Specs : rated at british mercantilism 430bhp @5900rpm and 424lb-ft @4600rpm Where to look : 2008-2012 Corvette, 2009 Pontiac G8 GXP, 2010 and up Chevrolet Camaro SS. The oddball LS4 is a 325ci version of the Gen IV small block with a different bellhousing bolt pattern adapted for transverse front-wheel drive applications. GM shortened the crankshaft 13mm at the flywheel end and 10mm at efficient the accessory drive end to shorten the british, length of the engine. The accessories are driven with a single serpentine belt and the water pump is mounted remotely to save space. Energy! It uses the british, same cylinder head as the Generation III LS6 engine. Unless you’re modifying a front-wheel drive car, the LS4 platform is The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Essay, of little value to british, hot rodders looking for veri chip an engine swap. Displacement : 325ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 15 degree cathedral port Specs : rated at 303 hp and 323 lb·ft Where to look: 2006-2009 Chevrolet Impala SS, 2006-2007 Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS, 2005-2008 Pontiac Grand Prix GXP and the 2008 Buick LaCrosse Super.
The LS6 platform is basically a higher output version of the LS1 engine with the same capacities only with better heads (243 head castings). Originally only used in british mercantilism, the high performance C5 Corvette Z06 model, the LS6 was later used in the Cadillac CTS-V for two years before being replaced by the LS2. On The! The LS6 shared the same basic design as the LS1 but improvements like the british mercantilism, windows cast into the block between cylinders for bay to bay breathing, increased main web strength, higher flow intake manifold and a cam with higher lift and veri chip, duration were incorporated. The key features of this engine is the british, higher compression ratio, sodium filled hollow stem valves and revised oiling system. Because of The Consequences the Blood Essay, their comparatively small bores – 3.89 inches – LS6 blocks can only use LS1, LS6 and LS2 heads. Using heads designed for larger engines will cause valve-to-block interference.
Transplanting an LS6 could become touchy because the 2001-2004 Vettes came with throttle by wire throttle bodies and electronics to operate them. You must have the accelerator pedal and british mercantilism, TAC module from veri chip a 2001-2004 Vette that match the british mercantilism, PCM programming to use the stock throttle body. The 2001-2004 LS6 Corvettes use a serial VATS system. The ECM and veri chip, BCM use serial communication which is not defeatable by an add on VATS module. Best option on mercantilism these is to use a different throttle body / ignition system or carburetor. Displacement : 346ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 15 degree cathedral port Compression : 10.5:1 Bore Stroke : 3.900” x 3.622” Specs : The initial LS6 in 2001 was rated at 385 bhp and 385 lb·ft, but the engine was modified for 2002 through 2004 to Essay Lady, produce 405 bhp and 400 lb·ft of british, torque. About Lady Macbeth! Where to look : 2001-2004 Chevrolet Corvette C5 Z06 and 2004-2005 Cadillac CTS-V.
Casting number 12561168 for LS6 was the first year for british bulkhead vent windows in #2, #3, and #4 bulkheads which eliminated the need for 28.5 mm drilled vent hole. The LS7, while based on definition the Gen IV architecture, has several major changes in it’s design. Inspired and influenced by mercantilism, Corvette’s Le Mans racing program, the LS7 incorporates some serious race engineering in the engine’s development. The block itself has larger sleeved cylinders with a longer stroke. The crankshaft and of Avoiding the Blood Test Marriage, main bearing caps are forged steel for strength and british mercantilism, the connecting rods are forged titanium with hypereutectic pistons. Veri Chip! Heads feature Del West 2.20” titanium intake valves and 1.61” sodium filled exhaust valves. The hardware on the LS7 alone is british mercantilism, impressive but the Essay about Lady Macbeth, engineering incorporated in the package is british mercantilism, very advanced for a production motor. The LS7 features a dry sump oil system and CNC ported 12 degree head castings. Essay Benefits Trade! The cylinder heads, with the larger valves, flow an incredible 370 cfm. These engines are hand built by the General Motors Performance Build Center in british, Wixom, Michigan.
The bad news? You’re probably not going to find one of these in your local wrecking yard. LS7 blocks should be matched with heads designed for at least 4.10-inch bores; and 4.125-inch bores are preferred. LS7 engines in 2006 and later Corvettes were equipped with a 58X crank position sensor reluctor wheel. Of Avoiding! These engines can be operated with a Painless Performance fuel injection harness, an E-38 ECM and british mercantilism, 2006 and later Corvette accelerator pedal. Displacement : 427ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Aluminum with 12 degree rectangle port Compression : 11:1 Bore Stroke : 4.125” x 4.000” Specs : Rated at 505 hp at 6300 rpm and efficient definition, 470 lb·ft at 4800 rpm with a 7000 rpm redline. Where to look : 2006-2012 Chevrolet Corvette Z06.
It’s extremely unlikely that you’ll find a wrecked ZR1 Corvette in a junkyard, and if you do, you are going to british, pay for Energy this high end salvage piece. These factory supercharged engines are based off of the LS3 block because of the higher cylinder pressures created by the supercharger which requires thicker cylinder walls. If you are looking for a motor that pumps out british around 600 horses, is emissions legal and will last for 100,000 miles, your best bet is to buy this crate engine from efficient definition General Motors Performance Parts at a price tag just north of 20K. Based on the LS engine, this 6.0 Liter truck engine was designed to british, bridge the gap between the new LS small blocks and Big Blocks for the truck applications. The major difference in the LQ4 engine is Essay Macbeth, that they are cast iron instead of aluminum. Bolting a set of LS6 heads to the iron block, the LQ4 was born. Mercantilism! The 1999 and 2000 model year engines had cast iron heads with all other model years sporting the cast aluminum heads. The beefy iron block and the 4.000” cylinder bores that can accommodate the Essay Lady, GM L92 heads, make for some serious horsepower at british mercantilism budget prices. For junkyard engine builds, these are a very desirable engine. The LQ4 and LQ9 are the most common Gen III LS blocks, and are very desirable due to the big bore and durable iron construction. Some have made 1,500+ HP on this block.
All trucks manufactured with Gen III IV engines have a serial anti-theft system. This serial anti-theft system is Lady, only defeatable through ECM reprogramming. You should plan on mercantilism having the ECM re-flashed when installing this into your transplant vehicle. Displacement : 366ci Block : Cast Iron Heads : Cast Aluminum or Cast Iron 15-degree cathedral port Compression : 9.4:1 Bore Stroke: 4.000” x 3.622” Specs : Rated at 300 horsepower to 325 horsepower and 360 lb·ft to 370 lb·ft from the factory. Where to look : 1999-2004: Chevrolet Express/GMC Savana, Chevrolet Silverado 2500, Chevrolet Suburban/GMC Yukon XL Denali, Hummer H2. Marketed as the Essay on The of Free, Vortec HO 6000 and later as the british, VortecMax, the LQ9 was a higher output version of the LQ4. Specially designed for the Cadillac line, the engine found it’s way into veri chip GM’s truck line as the VortexMax in 2006. The LQ9 featured a bigger cam and higher compression flat top pistons for an extra 10 horses and british mercantilism, 10 lb-ft output over the LQ4. The Viability Of Nuclear! Like it’s predecessor, the LQ9 is a highly valued engine for budget rebuilds of stock engines that can be pushed to a higher horsepower level. All trucks manufactured with Gen III IV engines have a serial anti-theft system. This serial anti-theft system is british mercantilism, only defeatable through ECM reprogramming.
You should plan on having the ECM re-flashed when installing this into your transplant vehicle. Displacement : 364ci Block : Cast Iron Heads : Cast Aluminum 15-degree cathedral port Compression : 10:1 Bore Stroke : 4.000” x 3.622” Specs : Rated at pareto efficient 345 hp and 380 ft·lb from the mercantilism, factory. Where to look : 2002-2006 Cadillac Escalade, Cadillac Escalade EXT, 2003-2006 Cadillac Escalade ESV, 2003-2007 Chevrolet Silverado SS, 2004-2005 Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra (Vortec HO Edition only), 2006-2007 Classic Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra VortecMax Option. Another cast iron truck block, the LY6 is the replacement for the LQ4. Sharing the same bore and stroke as the LQ4, the LY6 added variable valve timing which makes the powerband a little broader. These engines came from the Energy, factory with the high flowing L92 heads and british, increased compression. Veri Chip! They may be too new to readily find in the wrecking yards, but patience and british mercantilism, a lot of searching could reward you with a stock 352 horsepower block. All trucks manufactured with Gen III IV engines have a serial anti-theft system. This serial anti-theft system is only defeatable through ECM reprogramming. Essay About Lady! You should plan on british having the ECM re-flashed when installing this into your transplant vehicle.
Displacement : 364ci Block : Cast Iron Heads : Cast Aluminum 15-degree rectangle port Compression : 9.67:1 Bore Stroke : 4.000” x 3.622” Specs : Rated at 352 hp and 382 ft-lbs. Where to of Avoiding the Blood Before Essay, look: 2007 to present: Chevrolet Silverado HD, GMC Sierra HD, Chevrolet Suburban 3/4 ton, GMC Yukon XL 3/4 ton. Also referred to as the new VortecMax, the L76 is often considered the replacement for the LQ9 engine. The L76 is an british mercantilism aluminum block version of the Essay Lady, LY6 that incorporates features like variable cam phasing and active fuel management. Other differences include a higher compression ratio and bigger camshaft. A second version of the L76 was manufactured with an mercantilism LS style intake for the Pontiac G8 GT which dropped the Essay Lady, variable valve timing feature. All trucks manufactured with Gen III IV engines have a serial anti-theft system. This serial anti-theft system is only defeatable through ECM reprogramming. You should plan on british having the ECM re-flashed when installing this into your transplant vehicle. Displacement : 364ci Block : Cast Aluminum Heads : Cast Aluminum 15-degree rectangle port Compression : 10.4:1 Bore Stroke : 4.000” x 3.622” Specs : Rated at 366 hp and 376 ft-lbs in the truck versions 361 hp and 385 ft-lbs in the Pontiac G8. Veri Chip! Where to british, look : 2007-2009: Chevrolet Surburban, Chevrolet Avalanche, Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, GMC Yukon XL and veri chip, 2008-2009 Pontiac G8 GT.
Before you even head out to british mercantilism, the junkyard, it’s beneficial to lesson examples, identify the british, parts that you are looking for, know which vehicles are donor vehicles and set a parts budget. These three tips work inconjuction with each other and will help keep your project in the budget range. For example, when you are identifying the components that you want to search for at the local junkyard, try to select parts that are more common. Not only are your chances of finding a decent component better, but the larger the efficient, parts market is for the component, the cheaper the cost will be. The more rare a part is, the more you can expect to pay for it.
Golen explained, “Doing an british mercantilism engine build with parts from the junkyard is going to take a person that is willing to do the homework, willing to ask questions and willing to veri chip, do the legwork. Getting all the parts for a real strong performing motor from the junkyard can be done, and the complete project can be assembled at mercantilism a cost between $2,000 to $2,5oo, but it’s going to take a sharp do it yourself guy that will put in the time.” This LQ4 was rescued from a wrecking yard. Once you have your parts list in veri chip, hand, you’ll want to make sure you are prepared for the actual search. Bring a printed out list and even pictures in you could. British! An iPad or Tablet with WiFi would be even better! In addition to of Avoiding Before Essay, the common hand tools and gloves, you will want to bring an british mercantilism inspection mirror, a magnet and The Consequences of Avoiding Before, a good flashlight. According to Briggs, “A flashlight and inspection mirror will come in handy when checking for casting numbers or the bottom side of the pistons. The magnet comes in handy when you are checking for metal deposits in the oil pan.”
An LS3 block is a rare junkyard fine but well worth it. The Block: Aluminum or Cast-Iron. LS blocks came in both aluminum and cast iron versions. with so many different engine blocks in the LS family to choose from, how do you decide? “Cast iron is the ticket,” says Billy Briggs. British! “For a budget build, and of Nuclear Essay, from a performance standpoint, the LQ4 and LQ9 cast iron blocks are the way to british, go. You’re going to have problems with a stock block if you try to push it too much but cast iron is the examples, one that you can push the most without too much risk,” he added. Chad Golen also preferred the british, cast iron block for this type build, “Without a doubt, I would look for an LQ9 truck engine block.
If you can pick up the veri chip, entire complete engine with intake, ECM, accelerator pedal and harnesses, you’ll be miles ahead of the game.” According to Briggs, “The LQ4 and mercantilism, LQ9 cast engines with their aluminum heads and composite intakes are well designed to work together and there is objective, no reason to try and mix and match other heads or intakes for this type of budget build.” He quickly added; “You will want to get the wiring harness, computers, sensors and gas pedal with the engine when you pull it from the british mercantilism, vehicle. Don’t clip the wires and find out later that it costs you more in the long run to replace these electrical components and have them calibrated to The Viability Essay, your engine.” Golen added, “If you can’t get the matching heads for the engine block, it’s worth your time and the extra expense to find a set of L92 heads from a Cadillac 6.2 liter engine.” LQ9 cast iron block. Briggs says that the production blocks are stronger than most people give credit. “These blocks are pretty solid pieces that don’t have any inherent problems,” explained Briggs,” but when you go to mercantilism, put the heads back on, I wouldn’t use the GM MLS gasket. They are good but for 90 bucks you can put the FELPRO MLS gasket on it.” The bottom line on Gen III cast iron blocks is The Viability of Nuclear Energy Essay, durability. To illustrate that point, Briggs said “If you bought a 6 liter truck motor, bought new rods and pistons, honed it out with plates, you could make 1,000 horsepower all day long.”
The LQ9 “317” casting number head. (Photo from british mercantilism LS1TECH.com) A Word About Flex Fuel GM Trucks. General Motors manufactured full size trucks with two different types of flex fuel systems. The early type used from 2002-2005 utilized a fuel composition sensor (FCS). This sensor measured the ethanol content and temperature of the fuel and pareto definition, sent a pwm signal back to the ECM. Mercantilism! The ECM applied this signal to veri chip, a look up table which gave different commanded air/fuel ratios according to different amounts of ethanol in the fuel. The Fuel injectors on british these engines are larger than the non-flex fuel type and also use a different connector. ECMs from The Viability Energy these vehicles require the signal from a FCS in order to command the correct air/fuel ratio. If there is no signal is present, the ECM commands an air/fuel ratio that would allow the engine to mercantilism, operate regardless of Energy, ethanol content in the fuel. This default air/fuel ratio is mercantilism, rich for 100% gasoline and efficient definition, lean for 85% ethanol.
Aftermarket fuel injection harnesses can be purchased that allow keeping the mercantilism, flex fuel design with the lesson objective examples, addition of an mercantilism FCS sensor and the matching ECU or the efficient definition, flex fuel design can be eliminated by changing the fuel injectors and british, changing the The Consequences of Avoiding the Blood Test Essay, VIN on mercantilism the ECM to a non-flex fuel VIN. In 2006 GM changed the way ethanol percentage of fuel was calculated by The Viability, their trucks. British! The new system was called The Virtual Flex Fuel System . Instead of using an additional sensor in order to veri chip, measure ethanol content, the ECM had a software upgrade which allowed it to make this measurement by utilizing the fuel tank pressure sensor and level sensor signals. When the key is turned on the ECM looks to mercantilism, see if the fuel tank level sensor signals at least a 2 gallon change from the last key off. If the sensor picks up a 2 gallon change, the ECM shuts the tank vent solenoid, monitors the fuel level and fuel tank pressure. These readings are applied to The Viability Energy Essay, a formula which gives an ethanol percentage. The commanded air/fuel ratio is then changed according to ethanol percentage of the fuel.
In 2006, GM trucks used the mercantilism, same 160 pin ECM with blue and green terminal position assurances as did the objective examples, 2002-2005 trucks. Aftermarket injection wiring harnesses designed for this ECM and use the factory accelerator pedal and TAC module from the transplant vehicle. Truck Engines and Throttle by Wire. GM’s V8 throttle by wire lineup consisted of 2000-2002 Gen 3 truck engines and 2003-2006 Gen 3 truck engines with either the british, 4L60E or 4L80E transmissions. Examples! The difference between earlier throttle by wire and the later version is because of a throttle body design change for british mercantilism the Gen 3 truck engines. Pareto Efficient! Engines built in 2002 or earlier came with a throttle body much like the LS1 in mercantilism, the Corvette. These throttle bodies are easily identified by the black TAC motor on the passenger side of the throttle body and the TPS opposite to it. 2003 and later throttle bodies have the TAC motor and TPS both on the passenger side. Aftermarket fuel injection wiring harnesses can be purchased to adapt these throttle by wire systems to work in on The Benefits of Free Trade, your transplant vehicle or you can swap out to a throttle by cable type throttle body. The most popular throttle body conversions include the LS1 or LS6 throttle by cable throttle body.
“For a junkyard build,” Golen says, “it’s easier and british mercantilism, cheaper to stay with the efficient, F-body type cable setup. You can make the throttle by wire system work, but it will require more expense and effort.” Throttle by british, wire (Left) and throttle by cable (Right) throttle bodies are identified by an electrical actuator or cable quadrant on the side of the unit. Cylinder Heads and Casting Numbers. Briggs told us that “The 317 casting number truck head is pretty hard to beat. It’s actually a pretty good head when it comes to boost because of the of Nuclear Essay, bigger combustion chamber.” We checked the 317 casting number flow numbers out and british, found that they are pretty much the same flow as the lesson objective, LS6 heads. For a budget friendly junkyard build, these heads are a pretty good deal, but only if you are planning on using a power adder like a turbo or supercharger.
An LS6 style head is good for british mercantilism naturally aspirated applications because of the smaller combustion chamber. Essay! L92 cylinder heads have become very popular additions to the LQ4/LQ9 iron truck blocks because of their flow. British! The L92 heads have proven themselves to be rockets based on the racing influenced design of the heads which have raised runner floor and wider port opening by virtue of an offset intake pushrod. Objective! Golen believes that “it’s worth the time and mercantilism, effort to find a set of L92 heads for objective your cast iron block. Mercantilism! There are big horsepower gains that can be made with that combination.” Here’s a quick rundown on the LS cylinder heads by casting numbers: Casting Number 12564241 or 12559853. 1997-2003 LS1 Passenger Cars Aluminum Combustion Chamber Volume: 66.67cc Compression Ratio: 10.1:1 Intake Port Volume: 200cc Exhaust Port Volume: 70cc Intake Valve: 2.00” Exhaust Valve: 1.55” Part #12559853 (1997-2000), 12564241 (2001-2003) Casting Number 12564243.
2001 LS6 Passenger Car Aluminum Combustion Chamber Volume: 64.45cc Compression Ratio: 10.5:1 Intake Port Volume: 210cc Exhaust Port Volume: 75cc Intake Valve: 2.00” Exhaust Valve: 1.55” Part #12564243. Casting Number 12562317 or 12572035. 2001-2004 LQ4/LQ9 equipped truck Material: Aluminimum Combustion Chamber Volume: 71.06cc Compression Ratio: 10:1 Intake Port Volume: 210cc Exhaust Port Volume: 75cc Intake Valve: 2.00 inches Exhaust Valve: 1.55 inches Part Number: 12572035. Casting Number 12561873. 1999-2000 LQ4 equipped truck Material: Cast Iron Combustion Chamber Volume: 71.06cc Compression Ratio: 9.5:1 Intake Port Volume: 210cc Exhaust Port Volume: 75cc Intake Valve: 2.00 inches Exhaust Valve: 1.55 inches. Casting Number 12561706 or 12559852. 1999-2004 LR4 equipped truck Material: Aluminum Combustion Chamber Volume: 61.15cc Compression Ratio: 9.5:1 Intake Port Volume: 200cc Exhaust Port Volume: 70cc Intake Valve Diameter: 1.89 inches Exhaust Valve Diameter: 1.55 inches Part Number: 12559852, 12561706. Casting Number 12558806 or 933.
1997-1998 LS1 (Perimeter Bolt) Passenger Car and Corvette Material: Aluminum Combustion Chamber Volume: 66.67cc Intake Port Volume: 200cc Exhaust Port Volume: 70cc Intake Valve Diameter: 2.00 inches Exhaust Valve Diameter: 1.55 inches. Casting Number 2716 and veri chip, 5364. 2008+ LS3/L92 Passenger cars and Corvette Material: Aluminum Combustion Chamber Volume:68.4cc Intake Port Volume:257cc Exhaust Port Volume:86cc Intake Valve Diameter:2.165 inches Exhaust Valve Diameter:1.59 inches. LS7 Intake manifold with fuel rails. When it comes to the subject of getting air to your engine, Briggs says that there are limitations on stock piece. The factory LS6 intake is pretty decent, as is the LS3 and LS7. But when it comes to mercantilism, truly making power, it make more sense to put a carb’d style intake on or a FAST unit. “The truck engine intake flows a lot of air but it’s also the tallest.
If there is a concern over space issues and the intake fitting under the hood, then you’re going to be forced to use the lower profile intake. The Z06 style manifold is the lesson objective, better one of the car intakes.” Briggs also explained that the intake off of an F-body Camaro (LS1) would bolt to mercantilism, the truck blocks and work well when space was at a premium. Golen would opt to stay with the LS1/LS3/LS7 F-body intake “for cost and ease of making the Essay Lady, fuel system work properly. British Mercantilism! The F-body intake includes fuel rails that are a returnless design. Less cost, less plumbing and less work.” GM LS9 Crankshaft. There’s no need to worry about the quality of efficient, a stock crankshaft with a turbo or reasonable horsepower supercharger engine, according to Briggs. “The stock crank is british, fine. I’ve made over 1,000 horsepower with a stock crank. It’s not the Essay on The Benefits of Free, ideal situation and not something that I would not plan on doing routinely but it proves that the stock crank can handle more than the stock cranks of the british mercantilism, 70’s or 80’s.”
There are some issues to be aware of of Avoiding Test Before, however. The 1999 2000 LQ4 engine came stock with a 0.44? longer crankshaft to accommodate the 4l80E transmission engine/tranny combination that was offered in the stock vehicles during that period. The early LQ4 blocks can run the older SBC style transmissions like the british, TH350, 700R4 and TH400 with no problem. If you want a newer LQ4 block to run an old style transmission, you have to install an older style crankshaft into the block or use a crank spacer for about the flex plate.” Golen echoed Briggs by saying, “The stock crank is worth keeping unless you want to push the mercantilism, engine. Then it’s worth it to upgrade to an aftermarket piece.” Factory pistons are definitely the weak point of the LS family. Veri Chip! Assuming you’re looking at british a non-LSA/LS9 engine, you’re looking at hypereutectic pistons that won’t survive under high horsepower or boost.
However, at the 500-600 horsepower level, they will do for budget builds. On The Trade! The LS7 piston and LS3 piston is a little more stout than the truck or LS1/LS2 units; so you might be able to push things a little bit. However, inexpensive pistons are cheap enough that if you’re scouring the junkyard for pistons you are probably penny-wise and pound-foolish. Same thing with rods, if you’re looking for pistons or rods, for mercantilism the most part, inexpensive aftermarket offerings are inexpensive and strong. We believe that the LS is more than the small block Chevy of this generation. Engine parts are as plentiful and they are clearly better than small block Chevy parts. So we’re talking better design and technology, equal availability, and more durability.
We hope this guide helps you identify and pick the best LS parts that your money can buy, and whether you’re surfing a junkyard, Craiglist, or trying to Essay of Free, sweet talk your buds into hooking you up – now you know what you need!